Emanuele Ruffaldi's Research Products

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Journal Papers|Journal Abstracts|Peer-Reviewed Papers in Proceedings|Books|Chapters in Books|Patents|Proceedings of Events|Posters and Presentations in Workshops|Invited Talks|Demonstrations

Click on Keywords for Filtering: All Starred
Project: All REMEDI SKILLS TAUM ERGANE ENACTIVE VERE PELARS RAMCIP
Topic: All Haptics VR AR Motion Patents Rowing Ergonomics
Devices: All Phantom Baxter SPRINT GRAB Motore
Software: All CoCo
Years: All 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Click on Publication for details (PDF, citations, ...):

Journal Papers (21)

Differences in action style recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders
Di Cesare Giuseppe, Sparaci Laura, Pelosi Annalisa, Mazzone Luigi, Giovagnoli Giulia, Menghini Deny, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Vicari Stefano
Frontiers in Psychology 1664-1078, XX (XX), ,2017
Abstract:Vitality form is a term, originally introduced by Stern (2010), to describe ?how? an action is performed. The capacity to perceive the vitality form of others? actions is a fundamental element of social interactions and a basic way of relating to and understanding others? behaviors. Although vitality forms characterize all human interactions, few studies have addressed their role in social and communicative disorders such as autism. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the ability to recognize different vitality forms during the observation of different motor actions in a group of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) compared to typically developing controls (TD). Results show a significant difference between children with ASD and TD in vitality forms recognition. This finding sheds new light on how children with ASD understand others? actions providing new ideas on overall social understanding as well as useful insights for professionals and caregivers alike.
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01456
Bibtex:
@article{frontiers2017,
author = {Di Cesare, Giuseppe and Sparaci, Laura and Pelosi, Annalisa and Mazzone, Luigi and Giovagnoli, Giulia and Menghini, Deny and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Vicari, Stefano},
doi = {10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01456},
issn = {1664-1078},
journal = {Frontiers in Psychology},
keyword = {autism, vitality forms, Social Behavior, action observation, action style discrimination},
month = {XX},
number = {XX},
publisher = {Frontiers},
title = {Differences in action style recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders},
volume = {XX},
year = {2017}
}


Survey of motion tracking methods based on inertial sensors: a focus on upper limb human motion
Filippeschi Alessandro, Schmitz Norbert, Miezal Markus, Bleser Gabriele, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Stricker Didier
Sensors 1424-8220, 17 (6), ,2017
Abstract:Motion tracking based on commercial inertial measurements units (IMUs) has been widely studied in the latter years as it is a cost-effective enabling technology for those applications in which motion tracking based on optical technologies is unsuitable. This measurement method has a high impact in human performance assessment and human-robot interaction. IMU motion tracking systems are indeed self-contained and wearable, allowing for long-lasting tracking of the user motion in situated environments. After a survey on IMU-based human tracking, five techniques for motion reconstruction were selected and compared to reconstruct a human arm motion. IMU based estimation was matched against motion tracking based on the Vicon marker-based motion tracking system considered as ground truth. Results show that all but one of the selected models perform similarly (about 35 mm average position estimation error).
doi:10.3390/s17061257
Bibtex:
@article{sensors17,
articlenumber = {1257},
author = {Filippeschi, Alessandro and Schmitz, Norbert and Miezal, Markus and Bleser, Gabriele and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Stricker, Didier},
doi = {10.3390/s17061257},
issn = {1424-8220},
journal = {Sensors},
number = {6},
publisher = {MDPI},
title = {Survey of motion tracking methods based on inertial
sensors: a focus on upper limb human motion},
volume = {17},
year = {2017}
}


Characterization of the disruption of neural control strategies for dynamic fingertip forces from attractor reconstruction
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Lawrence EmilyL., Ruffaldi Emanuele & Valero-cuevas FranciscoJ.
PLOS ONE 1932-6203, 12 (2), (pp. 1-23). ,2017
Abstract:The Strength-Dexterity (SD) test measures the ability of the pulps of the thumb and index finger to compress a compliant and slender spring prone to buckling at low forces (<3N). We know that factors such as aging and neurodegenerative conditions bring deteriorating physiological changes (e.g., at the level of motor cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia), which lead to an overall loss of dexterous ability. However, little is known about how these changes reflect upon the dynamics of the underlying biological system. The spring-hand system exhibits nonlinear dynamical behavior and here we characterize the dynamical behavior of the phase portraits using attractor reconstruction. Thirty participants performed the SD test: 10 young adults, 10 older adults, and 10 older adults with Parkinsons disease (PD). We used delayed embedding of the applied force to reconstruct its attractor. We characterized the distribution of points of the phase portraits by their density (number of distant points and interquartile range) and geometric features (trajectory length and size). We find phase portraits from older adults exhibit more distant points (p = 0.028) than young adults and participants with PD have larger interquartile ranges (p = 0.001), trajectory lengths (p = 0.005), and size (p = 0.003) than their healthy counterparts. The increased size of the phase portraits with healthy aging suggests a change in the dynamical properties of the system, which may represent a weakening of the neural control strategy. In contrast, the distortion of the attractor in PD suggests a fundamental change in the underlying biological system, and disruption of the neural control strategy. This ability to detect differences in the biological mechanisms of dexterity in healthy and pathological aging provides a simple means to assess their disruption in neurodegenerative conditions and justifies further studies to understand the link with the physiological changes.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0172025
Bibtex:
@article{10.1371/journal.pone.0172025,
author = {Peppoloni, Lorenzo and Lawrence, Emily L. and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Valero-Cuevas, Francisco J.},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0172025},
issn = {1932-6203},
journal = {PLOS ONE},
month = {02},
number = {2},
pages = {1-23},
publisher = {Public Library of Science},
title = {Characterization of the disruption of neural control strategies for dynamic fingertip forces from attractor reconstruction},
volume = {12},
year = {2017}
}


Self-organizing trajectories
Johard Leonard & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Pattern Recognition Letters 0167-8655, 84 (pp. 177-184). ,2016
Abstract:Abstract Trajectories and parameterized curves are data types of growing importance. Many measures for such data have been proposed in order to provide analogues to the mean and variance of vectors. We identify a counterintuitive oscillating behaviour of dynamic time warp-based averages on certain data sets. We present an algorithm that combines ideas from from both self-organizing maps and dynamic time warping that avoids these oscillations and hence promises more representative curve averages. These improvements also allow for accurate estimation of the piece-wise variance for a set of general N-dimensional trajectories. The run-time performance is demonstrated on movement data from rowing, where we are able to provide performance feedback in real-time to users in a simulator.
doi:10.1016/j.patrec.2016.09.012
Bibtex:
@article{Johard2016,
author = {Johard, Leonard and Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
doi = {10.1016/j.patrec.2016.09.012},
issn = {0167-8655},
journal = {Pattern Recognition Letters},
keyword = {Dynamic Time Warping},
pages = {177--184},
title = {Self-organizing trajectories},
volume = {84},
year = {2016}
}


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Vitality forms processing in the insula during action observation: a multivoxel pattern analysis
Di Cesare Giuseppe, Valente Giancarlo, Di Dio Cinzia, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Bergamasco Massimo, Goebel Rainer & Rizzolatti Giacomo
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 1662-5161, 10 (267), ,2016
Abstract:Observing how an action is done by others allows the observer to understand the cognitive state of the agent. This information, carried by the kinematics of the observed action, has been defined by Stern vitality forms. In the present experiment we presented participants with videos showing hand actions performed with different velocities and asked them to judge their vitality form (gentle, neutral, rude) or their velocity (slow, medium, fast). Previous studies showed that the dorso-central insula is selectively active both during vitality form observation and execution. The aim of the present study was to assess, using multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA), whether in the insula there were voxels discriminating vitality form from velocity. Results showed that, consistently across subjects, in the dorso-central sector of the insula there were voxels selectively tuned to vitality forms. These results indicate that the dorso-central insula, which previous data showed involved in the vitality form processing contains voxels specific for the action style processing.
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00267
Bibtex:
@article{vitality2016,
author = {Di Cesare, Giuseppe and Valente, Giancarlo and Di Dio, Cinzia and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo and Goebel, Rainer and Rizzolatti, Giacomo},
doi = {10.3389/fnhum.2016.00267},
issn = {1662-5161},
journal = {Frontiers in Human Neuroscience},
keyword = {vitality forms, Insula cortex, MVPA, social interaction, Action Understanding,pdf:2016_J_Vitality},
number = {267},
title = {Vitality forms processing in the insula during action observation: a multivoxel pattern analysis},
volume = {10},
year = {2016}
}


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A novel wearable system for the online assessment of risk for biomechanical load in repetitive efforts
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 0169-8141, 52 (), (pp. 1-11). ,2016
Abstract:Work-related Musculo Skeletal Disorders (WMSD) are considered the third main reason for disability and early retirement in the U.S. and are widespread in many occupations, involving both heavy and light biomechanical loads. In Italy, only taking into account the years 2009-2010, it is estimated an expo- nential increasing in the number of WMSD reports. In particular a 159.7 % increment has been reported compared to the 2006 statistics. In this context, it is clear how important correctly diagnosing this kind of pathology is becom- ing. Traditional methods for WMDS assessment are based on observational techniques, in which experts manually segment, label and evaluate movements with the help of pro-forma sheets. Since these methods are currently based on visual inspection and subjective judgment, they could benefit from objective measurements in terms of both reliability and repeatability. Moreover an au- tomatic tool for ergonomics assessment would vastly reduce the time that an expert needs to carry out the same assessment manually. In this context a novel wearable wireless system capable of assessing the muscular efforts and postures of the human upper limb for WMSDs diagnosis is proposed. The system, being non-obstructive, can be used to monitor workers in ecologic environment while they are carrying on their everyday tasks. A real-time assessment is obtained according to two of the most common indexes for the analysis of risk factors on workplaces: the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) and the Strain Index (SI). The system exploits inertial measurement units (IMUs) to reconstruct the upper limb posture, modeled as a 7 degrees of freedom (DoF) kinematic chain. As far as muscular efforts are concerned, surface EMG sensors are used to assess forearm flexor muscles strain. As an example of the proposed system application the results of a first data collection campaign regarding super-market cashiers during everyday real-life operations is reported.
doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2015.07.002
Bibtex:
@article{peppoxind,
author = {Peppoloni, Lorenzo and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
doi = {10.1016/j.ergon.2015.07.002},
issn = {0169-8141},
journal = {International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics},
keyword = {ERGANE,motion,motion,imu,scopus:yes,pdf:2015_J_ERGON.pdf,ergonomics},
number = {},
pages = {1--11},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {A novel wearable system for the online assessment of risk for biomechanical load in repetitive efforts},
volume = {52},
xvideo = {https://youtu.be/xoB9fzJejUY},
year = {2016}
}


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Sensor fusion for complex articulated body tracking applied in rowing
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Peppoloni Lorenzo & Filippeschi Alessandro
Journal of Sport Engineering and Technology 1754-3371, 229 (2), (pp. 92-102). ,2015
Abstract:The paper presents a sensor fusion model for integrating wearable inertial measures with sensors in the environment. This approach is designed and tested to support body motion tracking of rowing in indoor and outdoor environment. The paper presents the approach based on a complex kinematic model and unscented Kalman filtering. The approach is validated in an in-door setup based on the SPRINT rowing system by comparison against results obtained from a commercial motion capture system, thus providing future directions for the assessment of rowers performance on an instrumented boat.
doi:10.1177/1754337115583199
Bibtex:
@article{sensorsport,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Peppoloni, L. and Filippeschi, A.},
doi = {10.1177/1754337115583199},
issn = {1754-3371},
journal = {Journal of Sport Engineering and Technology},
keyword = {rowing,SPRINT,scopus:yes,motion,sensor fusion,rowing,ERGANE,pdf:2015_J_SensorFusion},
number = {2},
pages = {92--102},
title = {Sensor fusion for complex articulated body tracking applied in rowing},
volume = {229},
year = {2015}
}


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On multiuser perspectives in passive stereographic virtual environments
Tripicchio Paolo, Loconsole Claudio, Piarulli Andrea, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Tecchia Franco & Bergamasco Massimo
Computer Animation and Virtual Worlds 1546-4261, 25 (1), (pp. 69-81). ,2014
Abstract:The use of stereographic systems is spreading out in modern society, from the revolution of cinematography to its adoption in high-tech products such as portable gaming devices or photo cameras. However, the fruition of immersive stereographic systems by more than one person at a time is still a research issue. In more detail, the class of passive stereo systems presents technological limitations of displaying correct multiuser perspectives. In fact, the stereo image projected onto the screen is usually rendered according to a unique point of view (PoV). Nevertheless, in multiuser systems, the selection of an appropriate PoV can minimize both optical discomfort and perspective distortion. This paper aims to evaluate which among existing PoV calculation methods provides the best performances in terms of projection realism, optical comfort and overall system usability in multiuser passive stereo systems. The performances have been evaluated in three different distance scenarios to take into account also the effects of binocular disparity in the PoV calculation. To accomplish this objective, we administered a questionnaire to nine couple subjects, evaluating each of the investigated PoV calculation methods for each of the three distance scenarios.
doi:10.1002/cav.1535
Bibtex:
@article{tripicchio2014multiuser,
author = {Tripicchio, Paolo and Loconsole, Claudio and Piarulli, Andrea and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Tecchia, Franco and Bergamasco, Massimo},
doi = {10.1002/cav.1535},
issn = {1546-4261},
journal = {Computer Animation and Virtual Worlds},
keyword = {VR,pid:J11,scopus:yes,ugov:yes,pdf:2013_J_CAVW},
number = {1},
pages = {69--81},
publisher = {Wiley Online Library},
title = {On multiuser perspectives in passive stereographic virtual environments},
volume = {25},
year = {2014}
}


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Portable haptic interface with omni-directional movement and force capability
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Satler Massimo & Ruffaldi Emanuele
IEEE Transactions on Haptics 1939-1412, 7 (2), (pp. 110-120). ,2014
Abstract:We describe the design of a new mobile haptic interface that employs wheels for force rendering. The interface, consisting of an omni-directional Killough type platform, provides 2DOF force feedback with different control modalities. The system autonomously performs sensor fusion for localization and force rendering. This paper explains the relevant choices concerning the functional aspects, the control design, the mechanical and electronic solution. Experimental results for force feedback characterization are reported.
doi:10.1109/TOH.2014.2310462
Bibtex:
@article{motore2014,
author = {Avizzano, C.A. and Satler, Massimo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
doi = {10.1109/TOH.2014.2310462},
issn = {1939-1412},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Haptics},
keyword = {Motore,haptics,pid:J15,scopus:yes,ugov:yes,pdf:2014_J_Avizzano},
month = {April},
number = {2},
pages = {110--120},
title = {Portable haptic interface with omni-directional movement and force capability},
volume = {7},
year = {2014}
}


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Energy management using virtual reality improves 2000-m rowing performance
Hoffmann CharlesP., Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bardy Benoit
Journal of Sports Sciences 1546-4261, 32 (6), (pp. 1-9). ,2014
Abstract:Elite-standard rowers tend to use a fast-start strategy followed by an inverted parabolic-shaped speed profile in 2000-m races. This strategy is probably the best to manage energy resources during the race and maximise performance. This study investigated the use of virtual reality (VR) with novice rowers as a means to learn about energy management. Participants from an avatar group (n = 7) were instructed to track a virtual boat on a screen, whose speed was set individually to follow the appropriate to-be-learned speed profile. A control group (n = 8) followed an indoor training programme. In spite of similar physiological characteristics in the groups, the avatar group learned and maintained the required profile, resulting in an improved performance (i.e. a decrease in race duration), whereas the control group did not. These results suggest that VR is a means to learn an energy-related skill and improve performance.
doi:10.1080/02640414.2013.835435
Bibtex:
@article{hoffmann2014,
author = {Hoffmann, Charles P. and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bardy, Benoit G.},
doi = {10.1080/02640414.2013.835435},
eprint = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02640414.2013.835435},
issn = {1546-4261},
journal = {Journal of Sports Sciences},
keyword = {rowing,pid:J13,scopus:yes,ugov:yes,pdf:2014_J_Hoffmann,VR,SKILLS},
number = {6},
othernote = {PMID: 24053155},
pages = {1-9},
title = {Energy management using virtual reality improves 2000-m rowing performance},
video = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gX5dzKFfoQM},
volume = {32},
year = {2014}
}


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Boat Dynamics and Force Rendering Models for the SPRINT System
Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Human-Machine Systems, IEEE Transactions on 2168-2291, 43 (6), (pp. 631-642). ,2013
Abstract:The skills professional rowing indoor training (SPRINT) system is designed to support rowing training. The system includes a configurable instrumented rowing apparatus that supports sculling and sweep rowing and that is coupled with a virtual reality display and haptic feedback. Herein, the system has been updated with models that aim at improving force rendering and at simulating the rowing dynamics. These new models support the rendering of vertical and horizontal forces on the hands and they estimate the effects that actions performed on SPRINT would produce on an actual rowing shell. A proof of concept evaluation with one expert and one intermediate rower included a comparison of data gathered on an actual boat and with SPRINT. Outputs of the boat dynamics model showed to be consistent when compared both with the literature and on-boat data. Moreover, these preliminary data suggest boat dynamics output to be useful to discriminate expertise. In addition, subjective ratings of kinematic features and force rendering by expert and intermediate rowers indicated that they find SPRINT suitable for training.
doi:10.1109/TSMC.2013.2284495
Bibtex:
@article{filippeschi2013boat,
author = {Filippeschi, Alessandro and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
doi = {10.1109/TSMC.2013.2284495},
issn = {2168-2291},
journal = {Human-Machine Systems, IEEE Transactions on},
keyword = {rowing,SPRINT,Biomechanic modeling,haptics, human capturing, multimodal, rowing,pid:J14,scopus:yes,pdf:2013_J_IEEESMCrow,SKILLS},
number = {6},
pages = {631--642},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Boat Dynamics and Force Rendering Models for the SPRINT System},
volume = {43},
year = {2013}
}


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Virtual Reality as a Tool to Learn Interpersonal Coordination: Example of Team Rowing
Varlet Manuel, Filippeschi Alessandro, Ben-sadoun Gregory, Ratto Michael, Marin Ludovic, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bardy Benoit
Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments 1054-7460, 22 (3), (pp. 202-2015). ,2013
Abstract:The success of interpersonal activities strongly depends on the coordination between our movements and those of others. Learning to coordinate with other people requires a long training time and is often limited by the difficulty of having people available at the same time and of giving them accurate and real-time feedback about their coordination. The goal of the present study was to determine in an indoor team rowing situation whether virtual-reality and motion-capture technologies can help the acquisition of interpersonal coordination. More specifically, we investigated the possibility for participants to (1) learn the skill of interpersonal coordination when training with a virtual teammate, (2) accelerate learning with real-time visual feedback, and (3) transfer this skill to synchronizing situations with a real teammate. Our results show that participants improved their coordination with both virtual and real teammates, and that this improvement was better for participants who received the feedback. Generally, our results demonstrate the interest of virtual reality for learning the coordination with other people; further, our results open promising training perspectives for team rowing but also for several other interpersonal activities.
doi:10.1162/PRES_a_00151
Bibtex:
@article{marin2013,
author = {Varlet, Manuel and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Ben-sadoun, Gregory and Ratto,Michael and Marin, Ludovic and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bardy, Benoit G.},
doi = {10.1162/PRES_a_00151},
issn = {1054-7460},
journal = {Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments},
keyword = {VR,pid:J12,scopus:yes,rowing,pdf:2013_J_Presence_Varlet,SKILLS},
number = {3},
pages = {202-2015},
publisher = {MIT Press},
title = {Virtual Reality as a Tool to Learn Interpersonal Coordination: Example of Team Rowing},
video = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T33MFFX3LJk},
volume = {22},
year = {2013}
}


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Structuring a virtual environment for sport training: A case study on rowing technique
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Filippeschi Alessandro
Robotics and Autonomous Systems 0921-8890, 61 (4), (pp. 390-397). ,2012
Abstract:The advancements in technology and the possibility of their integration in the domain of virtual environments allow access to new application domains previously limited to highly expensive setups. This is specifically the case of sport training that can take advantage of the improved quality of measurement systems and computing techniques. Given this the challenge that emerges is related to the way training is performed and how it is possible to evaluate the transfer from the virtual setup to the real case. In this work we discuss the aspect of system architecture for a VE in sport training, taking as a case study a rowing training system. The paper will address in particular the challenges of training technique in rowing.
doi:10.1016/j.robot.2012.09.015
Bibtex:
@article{ruffaldi2013structuring,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Filippeschi, Alessandro},
doi = {10.1016/j.robot.2012.09.015},
issn = {0921-8890},
journal = {Robotics and Autonomous Systems},
keyword = {VR,rowing,star:,haptics,pid:J10,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-84867742707,scopus:yes,pdf:2013_J_RAS_Structuring,Training,Skill, Motion analysis, Vibrotactile, Feedback,SKILLS},
number = {4},
pages = {390-397},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {Structuring a virtual environment for sport training: A case study on rowing technique},
video = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6T0EPWpeNNg},
volume = {61},
year = {2012}
}


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Feedback, affordances, and accelerators for training sports in virtual environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Bardy Benoit, Gopher Daniel & Bergamasco Massimo
Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments 1054-7460, 20 (1), (pp. 33-46). ,2011
Abstract:The use of virtual environments (VE) for training sports is quite natural when considering strategic or cognitive aspects. Using VE for sensorimotor training is more challenging, in particular with the difficulty of transferring the task learned in the virtual world to the real. Of special concern for the successful transfer is the adequate combination of training experience protocols and the delivery modes of multimodal feedback. Analyzing feedback in terms of information exchange, this work discusses different feedback combinations and their application to virtual reality training of rowing skills.
doi:10.1162/pres_a_00034
Bibtex:
@article{ruffaldi2011feedback,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Bardy, Beno{\^\i}t and Gopher, Daniel and Bergamasco, Massimo},
doi = {10.1162/pres_a_00034},
issn = {1054-7460},
journal = {Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments},
keyword = {star:,rowing,VR,haptics,pid:J8,ISIAN:WOS000289932700004,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-79955678321,scopus:yes,pdf:2011_J_Presence_Feedback,SKILLS},
number = {1},
pages = {33--46},
publisher = {MIT Press},
title = {Feedback, affordances, and accelerators for training sports in virtual environments},
volume = {20},
year = {2011}
}


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Haptic rendering of juggling with encountered type interfaces
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Tripicchio Paolo, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments 1054-7460, 20 (5), (pp. 480-501). ,2011
Abstract:Haptic interaction in a virtual world can be tool mediated or direct; and, among direct interactions, the encountered haptic interfaces provide physical contact only when there is contact with a virtual object. This paper deals with the haptic rendering of the catching and throwing of objects by means of this type of interface. A general model for the rendering of the impact is discussed with the associated formalism for managing multiple objects and multiple devices. Next, a key parameter for simulating the impact is selected by means of a psychophysical test. Finally, a working system is presented with the application of the rendering strategy to the case of haptic juggling, showing the possibility of effectively performing basic juggling patterns with two balls.
doi:10.1162/PRES_a_00067
Bibtex:
@article{ruffaldi2011haptic,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Tripicchio, Paolo and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Bergamasco, Massimo},
doi = {10.1162/PRES_a_00067},
issn = {1054-7460},
journal = {Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments},
keyword = {GRAB,pid:J9,ISIAN:WOS000300527200007,haptics,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-84857340731,scopus:yes,pdf:2011_J_Presence_Enc,SKILLS},
number = {5},
pages = {480--501},
publisher = {MIT Press},
title = {Haptic rendering of juggling with encountered type interfaces},
volume = {20},
year = {2011}
}


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Dynamic models of team rowing for a virtual environment rowing training system
Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Frisoli Antonio, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Varlet Manuel, Marin Ludovic, Lagarde Julien, Bardy Benoit & Bergamasco Massimo
International Journal of Virtual Reality 1081-1451, 8 (4), (pp. 49). ,2009
Abstract:In this paper we report on the strategies adopted to model team rowing behavior for an in-door rowing training system. This system allows athletes to train at in-door location while preserving the main features of out-door rowing. This paper focuses on the dynamic models employed to simulate out-door rowing, as well as on the modeling of team behavior, in order to set up visual feedback for team rowing training. These models are employed for controlling the output in the virtual environment, in particular for training the inter-rower synchronization in a team.
Bibtex:
@article{filippeschi2009dynamic,
author = {Filippeschi, Alessandro and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Frisoli, Antonio and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Varlet, Manuel and Marin, Ludovic and Lagarde, Julien and Bardy, Benoit and Bergamasco, Massimo},
issn = {1081-1451},
journal = {International Journal of Virtual Reality},
keyword = {pid:J6,rowing,SPRINT,SKILLS,haptics,pdf:2009_J_DynamicModel_303587},
number = {4},
pages = {49},
title = {Dynamic models of team rowing for a virtual environment rowing training system},
volume = {8},
year = {2009}
}


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A dynamically reconfigurable stereoscopic/panoramic vision mobile robot head controlled from a virtual environment
Aprile Walter, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Sotgiu Edoardo, Frisoli Antonio & Bergamasco Massimo
The Visual Computer 0178-2789, 24 (11), (pp. 941-946). ,2008
Abstract:We have built a mobile robotic platform that features an Active Robotic Head (ARH) with two high-resolution cameras that can be switched during robot operation between two configurations that produce respectively panoramic and stereoscopic images. Image disparity is used for improving the quality of the texture. The robot head switches dynamically, based on robot operation between the stereoscopic configuration and the panoramic configuration.
doi:10.1007/s00371-008-0278-0
Bibtex:
@article{aprile2008dynamically,
author = {Aprile, Walter A and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Sotgiu, Edoardo and Frisoli, Antonio and Bergamasco, Massimo},
doi = {10.1007/s00371-008-0278-0},
issn = {0178-2789},
journal = {The Visual Computer},
keyword = {VR,pid:J5,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-55049124298,ISIAN:WOS000259961600003,DecisionInMotion,pdf:2008_J_VisualComputer},
number = {11},
pages = {941--946},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {A dynamically reconfigurable stereoscopic/panoramic vision mobile robot head controlled from a virtual environment},
volume = {24},
year = {2008}
}


In-door skill training in rowing practice with a VR based simulator
Frisoli Antonio, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Vanni Federico & Bergamasco Massimo
International Journal of Sport Psychology 0047-0767, 0 (0), (pp. 14-16). ,2008
Bibtex:
@article{frisoli2010door,
author = {Frisoli, Antonio and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Vanni, Federico and Bergamasco, Massimo},
issn = {0047-0767},
journal = {International Journal of Sport Psychology},
keyword = {rowing,haptics,pid:J7,pdf:2008_C_EWEProw,SKILLS},
number = {0},
pages = {14--16},
title = {In-door skill training in rowing practice with a VR based simulator},
volume = {0},
xproc = {Proceedings of 10th european workshop of ecological psychology},
year = {2008}
}


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High Performance Haptic Device for Force Rendering in Textile Exploration
Bergamasco Massimo, Salsedo Fabio, Fontana Marco, Tarri Federico, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Frisoli Antonio, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Marcheschi Simone
The Visual Computer 0178-2789, 23 (4), (pp. 247-256). ,2007
Abstract:The HAPTEX system aims to develop a new multi-sensory environment for the immersive exploration of textiles. HAPTEX is based on a multi-layer/multi-thread architecture that optimizes the computational speed and integrates three different types of sensory feedback: vision, tactile and haptic. Such kind of environment is suitable for demanding VR applications such as the online marketing of novel textiles or garments, however it requires the design of a high performance multi-point haptic interface. The present work focuses on the haptic device design and describes how demanding requirements can be met by integrating on a high performance device a force sensor to achieve closed loop control. The methodology for the dimensioning of a motion based explicit force control on the basis of the dynamic parameters will be discussed and the specific implementation for the HAPTEX system presented.
doi:10.1007/s00371-007-0103-1
Bibtex:
@article{bergamascohaptex07,
author = {Massimo Bergamasco and Fabio Salsedo and Marco Fontana and Federico Tarri and Carlo Alberto Avizzano and Antonio Frisoli and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Simone Marcheschi},
doi = {10.1007/s00371-007-0103-1},
issn = {0178-2789},
journal = {The Visual Computer},
keyword = {star:,pid:J4,HAPTEX,haptics,ScopusEID:33947228566,ISIAN:WOS000246844300003,scopus:yes,pdf:2007_J_VisualComputer_Haptex,GRAB},
number = {4},
pages = {247--256},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {High Performance Haptic Device for Force Rendering in Textile Exploration},
volume = {23},
year = {2007}
}


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Design and validation of a complete haptic system for manipulative tasks
Bergamasco Massimo, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Frisoli Antonio, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Marcheschi Simone
Advanced Robotics Journal, special issue on Haptic Display of Advanced Robotics 0169-1864, 20 (3), (pp. 367-389). ,2006 -- Cite this for citing the GRAB haptic interface
Abstract:The present work deals with the design, implementation and assessment of a new haptic system specifically conceived for manipulative tasks in virtual environments. Such a system was designed by taking into account specific issues related to fine manipulation, such as multipoint haptics, coherence, transparency and physical representation. The haptic system described herein is integrated with a virtual environment engine for the simulation of multifinger manipulation. A preliminary evaluation of the system was conducted by comparing human performance in the manipulation of virtual objects with respect to real objects, according to the data available in the literature. The experiments confirm how the most relevant relationships among physiological and physical parameters involved in manipulation are also preserved during virtual manipulation. However, an in-depth analysis of the results shows that simulation parameters affect the level of force control during virtual manipulation and the quality of the perceived force feedback.
doi:10.1163/156855306776014367
Bibtex:
@article{grab06,
author = {Bergamasco,M. and Avizzano,C.A. and Frisoli,A. and Ruffaldi,E. and
Marcheschi,S.},
doi = {10.1163/156855306776014367},
issn = {0169-1864},
journal = {Advanced Robotics Journal, special issue on Haptic Display of Advanced
Robotics},
keyword = {star:,haptics,GRAB,grasp,design,pid:J2,ISIAN:WOS000246844300003,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-33947228566,scopus:yes,pdf:2006_J_AdvRob_GRAB},
note = {Cite this for citing the GRAB haptic interface},
number = {3},
owner = {skills},
pages = {367--389},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {Design and validation of a complete haptic system for manipulative
tasks},
volume = {20},
year = {2006}
}


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Simulation of real-time deformable soft tissues for computer assisted surgery
Frisoli Antonio, Borelli Luigi, Stasi C, Bellini M, Bianchi C, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Di Pietro G & Bergamasco Massimo
International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery 1478-596X, 1 (1), (pp. 107-113). ,2004
Abstract:The simulation of realistic surgical procedures requires specialized optimized algorithms for the models of organs and tissues, which should comply both with accuracy of results and run-time computation. This paper provides a general survey of methods and approaches used for the simulation of soft tissues in Computer Assisted Surgery, discussing the technological challenges to achieve realistic simulation of deformation. An application example is presented, referring to the simulation of a gastroenterology procedure, abdominal paracentesis for the treatment of ascites.
doi:10.1002/rcs.12
Bibtex:
@article{frisoli04,
author = {Frisoli, A and Borelli, L F and Stasi, C and Bellini, M and Bianchi, C and Ruffaldi, E and Di Pietro, G and Bergamasco, M},
doi = {10.1002/rcs.12},
issn = {1478-596X},
journal = {International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery},
keyword = {star:,deformable,haptics,simulation,pid:J1,ISIAN:WOS000234624400012,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-34249856562,scopus:yes,pdf:2004_J_JMR_Frisoli,Haptic-based simulation, computer assisted surgery, simulation of soft tissues},
number = {1},
owner = {skills},
pages = {107--113},
timestamp = {2006.12.29},
title = {Simulation of real-time deformable soft tissues for computer assisted surgery},
volume = {1},
year = {2004}
}


Journal Abstracts (2)

Preliminary usability assessment for a novel robotic interface for remote Doppler-echocardiography
Filippeschi Alessandro, Brizzi Filippo, Jacinto Juan Manuel, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Taddei C. & Others
European Heart Journal 0195-668X, 37 (suppl-1), (pp. 1043-1043).,2016
doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehw434
Bibtex:
@article{filippeschiescabs,
author = {Filippeschi, A. and Brizzi, F. and Jacinto, J. M. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C. A. and Taddei, C. and others},
doi = {10.1093/eurheartj/ehw434},
howpresented = {poster},
issn = {0195-668X},
journal = {European Heart Journal},
keyword = {REMEDI},
mtype = {journalabstract},
number = {suppl-1},
pages = {1043--1043},
publisher = {Oxford University Press},
title = {Preliminary usability assessment for a novel robotic interface for remote Doppler-echocardiography},
volume = {37},
year = {2016}
}


Haptic simulation of bone placement based on voxel models
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Morris Dan, Girod Sabine, Barbagli Federico, Bergamasco Massimo & Salisbury Ken
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED RADIOLOGY AND SURGERY 1861-6410, 1 -- Proceedings of the 21th Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery CARS, 11th Annual Conference of the International Society for Computer Aided Surgery (suppl-1), (pp. S195-S196).,2007
Abstract:This paper proposes a haptic based simulation system for the planning of reconstructiver surgery operations. The interaction is based on a six-degree-of-freedom rendering in which the contact of the voxel models of two bone parts are computed and resolved in real time
doi:10.1007/s11548-007-0093-5
Bibtex:
@article{ruffaldivoxel07abs,
author = {Emanuele Ruffaldi and Dan Morris and Sabine Girod and Federico Barbagli and Massimo Bergamasco and Ken
Salisbury},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 21the International Congress and Exhibition, Berlin Germany, June 27-30, 2007},
city = {Berlin},
doi = {10.1007/s11548-007-0093-5},
issn = {1861-6410},
journal = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED RADIOLOGY AND SURGERY},
keyword = {voxel,collision detection,haptics,pid:CP7.4},
mtype = {journalabstract},
number = {suppl-1},
owner = {skills},
pages = {S195-S196},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {Haptic simulation of bone placement based on voxel models},
volume = {1 -- Proceedings of the 21th Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery CARS, 11th Annual Conference of the International
Society for Computer Aided Surgery},
wos = {000208988200102},
year = {2007}
}


Peer-Reviewed Papers in Proceedings (91 total, 54 IEEE/ACM)

Vibrotactile Feedback for Aiding Robot Kinesthetic Teaching of Manipulation Tasks
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Di Fava Alessandro, Loconsole C., Frisoli Antonio & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
RO-MAN IEEE,2017
Abstract:Kinesthetic teaching is a viable solution for pro- gramming robots in the execution of new tasks thanks to the human-mediated mapping between the task objectives and the robot joint space. Redundant designs and differences from human kinematics pose challenges in the efficient execution of the teaching task. In this work we employ vibrotactile feedback letting operators understand specific kinematic constraints such as reaching joint limits and singularities. The experimentation with a Baxter robot and a four-motor vibrotactile bracelet is reported showing the effectiveness of the proposed enhancement to the kinesthetic teaching task.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{difavavibro,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Di Fava, Alessandro and Loconsole, C. and Frisoli, A. and Avizzano, C. A.},
booktitle = {RO-MAN},
keyword = {project:TAUM},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Vibrotactile Feedback for Aiding Robot Kinesthetic Teaching of Manipulation Tasks},
year = {2017}
}


Teleoperated multimodal robotic interface for telemedicine: a case study on remote auscultation
Falleni S., Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
RO-MAN IEEE,2017
Abstract:The remote examination is becoming more and more important as the population is aging and experts lack as ever before. We propose a novel system which is suitable for remote examination and in particular for remote auscultation. The system is located at two sites, at the patient site a robot holds a stethoscope which is placed on the patient while an RGB-D sensor streams a video of the scene. At the doctor site, the doctor interacts with a haptic interface that allows s/he to move the stethoscope while receiving haptic feedback when the stethoscope is in contact with the patient and looking at the remote scene on a screen. The doctor listens to the noise from the stethoscope thanks to a diaphragm and a headset where the audio stream from the patient site is played. After presenting this novel system, we show its effectiveness by means of experiments that involve auscultation-like tasks. We show the usability of the system to place the stethoscope, the usability to hear correctly the noise of the heart as well as the overall quality of the streamed audio signal.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{falleni2017,
author = {Falleni, S. and Filippeschi, A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C.A.},
booktitle = {RO-MAN},
keyword = {project:REMEDI},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Teleoperated multimodal robotic interface for telemedicine: a case study on remote auscultation},
year = {2017}
}


An affordances based approach to assisted teleoperation
Graziano Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
22nd IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies And Factory Automation IEEE,2017
Abstract:The introduction of tele-operated robots in scenarios in which human manipulation dexterity has not to be limited by the teleoperation system is one of the greatest challenges in the field of tele-control. In this paper we propose an approach for capturing and transferring human manupulative skills to a robotic manipulator that is able to supervise the teleoperation process by means of a proactive support that introduces elastic motion constraints around specific motion primitives. By exploiting not only information about motion, but also the relationships between the manipulator and the objects, in the form of affordances, the system is capable to assist the human operator in order to improve the teleoperation task performances. We test the algorithm with a Microsoft Kinect RGBD sensor that allows human body pose tracking and the semi-humanoid Baxter Robots by Rethink Robotics as teleoperated platform.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ETFA2017aff,
author = {Graziano, A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C.A.},
booktitle = {22nd IEEE International Conference on
Emerging Technologies And Factory Automation},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {An affordances based approach to assisted teleoperation},
year = {2017}
}


A Multi-Camera Framework for Visual Servoing of a Collaborative Robot in Industrial Environments
Di Stefano Erika, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
22nd International Conference on Emerging Technologies And Factory Automation IEEE,2017
Abstract:A great part of todays industries tends to invest on automatic machines that can replace or collaborate with humans in typical repetitive tasks. Despite their high motion and positioning precision, most of these industrial robots operate blindly, causing the working system to be poorly robust to even slight changes of the working conditions. A solution to such an issue might be to make the robots capable of readjusting their actions according to a perceptual feedback, in particular made of visual data. In this work we propose a multi- camera framework for the visual servoing of a collaborative robot that has to manipulate untextured industrial pieces. The robot is supposed to recognize the object of interest and reach it with its end-effector. We adopt a multi-camera approach that overcomes typical issues related to single-camera schemes. The system contains an object recognition module that extends an already existing algorithm for 2D detection on images to approximate 3D localization in space. A final probabilistic recursive estimation process combines the measures provided by the different sensors in order to improve the target pose computation, considering all the possible uncertainty and dis- turbance sources that may interfer, thus making the system more robust and efficient.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ETFA2017multi,
author = {Di Stefano, E. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C.A.},
booktitle = {22nd International Conference on
Emerging Technologies And Factory Automation},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {A Multi-Camera Framework for Visual Servoing of a Collaborative Robot in Industrial Environments},
year = {2017}
}


A Stereo-Panoramic Telepresence System for Construction Machine
Tripicchio Paolo, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Others
Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM) Elsevier,2017
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{FAIM2017,
author = {Tripicchio, P. and Ruffaldi, E. and others},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM)},
city = {Modena,Italy},
day = {27-30},
keyword = {teleoperation},
location = {Modena, Italy},
month = {June},
project = {yanmar},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {A Stereo-Panoramic Telepresence System for Construction Machine},
year = {2017}
}


Estimation of Success in Collaborative Learning based on Multimodal Learning Analytics Features
Spikol Daniel, Cukurova Mutlu & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies IEEE,2017
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{Spikol:2017:ICALT,
author = {Spikol, Daniel and Cukurova, Mutlu and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies},
keyword = {\textit{}multimodal learning analytics,PELARS},
location = {Bulgaria},
numpages = {5},
project = {pelars},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Estimation of Success in Collaborative Learning based on Multimodal Learning Analytics Features},
year = {2017}
}


Current and Future Multimodal Learning Analytics Data Challenges
Spikol Daniel, Prieto LuisP., Rodr\'{\i}guez-triana M.J., Worsley Marcelo, Ochoa Xavier, Cukurova Mutlu, Vogel Bahtijar, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Ringtved UllaLunde
Proceedings of the Seventh International Learning Analytics \& Knowledge Conference (pp. 518-519). ACM,2017
doi:10.1145/3027385.3029437
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{Spikol:2017:CFM:3027385.3029437,
acmid = {3029437},
address = {New York, NY, USA},
author = {Spikol, Daniel and Prieto, Luis P. and Rodr\'{\i}guez-Triana, M. J. and Worsley, Marcelo and Ochoa, Xavier and Cukurova, Mutlu and Vogel, Bahtijar and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Ringtved, Ulla Lunde},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Seventh International Learning Analytics \& Knowledge Conference},
doi = {10.1145/3027385.3029437},
isbn = {978-1-4503-4870-6},
keyword = {challenges, datasets, multimodal learning analytics,PELARS},
location = {Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada},
numpages = {2},
pages = {518--519},
project = {pelars},
publisher = {ACM},
series = {LAK '17},
title = {Current and Future Multimodal Learning Analytics Data Challenges},
year = {2017}
}


Using Multimodal Learning Analytics to Identify Aspects of Collaboration in Project-based Learning
Spikol Daniel, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Cukurova Mutlu
Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCL ,2017
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{cscl17,
author = {Spikol, Daniel and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Cukurova, Mutlu},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCL},
keyword = {multimodal learning analytics,collaboration,PELARS},
project = {pelars},
title = {Using Multimodal Learning Analytics to Identify Aspects of Collaboration in Project-based Learning},
year = {2017}
}


Multi-Contact Motion Retargeting from Human to Humanoid Robot
Di Fava Alessandro, Bouyarmane Karim, Chappellet Kevin, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Kheddar Abderrahmane
Proceedings of IEEE Humanoids (pp. 1081-1086). IEEE,2016
Abstract:We propose a framework for real-time online and offline retargeting of a human actor motion to a humanoid robot motion involving multi-contact configuration changes between the human/humanoid and their environments. The framework is based on the specification within a multi-contact QP control formulation of tracking tasks for a selected set of bodysegments/links, the ones either used for a manipulation task from a fixed multi-contact stance or susceptible to be used as contact supports or as locomotion supports on the environment in the course of the execution of the motion. The framework is applied in an online setting for simultaneous human-robot motion tracking (in the case of no contact configuration change) and in an offline setting for tracking the playback of the recorded human motion that is pre-processed to extract from it the sequence of contact change events as a necessary motion information exploited by the tracking algorithm. We present a real robot experiment with HRP-4 for the online setting and a dynamics simulation experiment for the offline setting to validate the proposed approach.
doi:10.1109/HUMANOIDS.2016.7803405
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{fava16,
author = {Di Fava, Alessandro and Bouyarmane, Karim and Chappellet, Kevin and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Kheddar, Abderrahmane},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE Humanoids},
city = {Cancun,Mexico},
doi = {10.1109/HUMANOIDS.2016.7803405},
keyword = {pdf:2016_C_DiFava,human motion,humanoids},
pages = {1081--1086},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Multi-Contact Motion Retargeting from Human to Humanoid Robot},
year = {2016}
}


Investigating the Process of Emotion Recognition in Immersive and Non-Immersive Virtual Technological Setups
Faita Claudia, Vanni Federico, Tanca Camilla, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Carrozzino Marcello & Bergamasco Massimo
VRST '16 Proceedings of the 22nd ACM Conference on Virtual Reality Software and Technolog (pp. 61-64). ACM,2016
Abstract:This paper investigates the use of Immersive Virtual Environment (IVE) to evaluate the process of emotion recognition from faces (ERF). ERF has been mostly probed by using still photographs resembling universal expressions. However, this approach does not reflect the vividness of faces. Virtual Reality (VR) makes use of animated agents, trying to overcome this issue by reproducing the inherent dynamic of facial expressions, but outside a natural environment. We suggest that a setup using IVE technology simulating a real scene in combination with virtual agents (VAs) displaying dynamic facial expressions should improve the study of ERF. To support our claim we carried out an experiment in which two groups of subjects had to recognize VAs facial expression of universal and basic emotions in IVE and No-IVE condition. The goal was to evaluate the impact of the immersion in VE for ERF investigation. Results showed that the level of immersion in IVE does not interfere with the recognition task and a high level of accuracy in facial recognition suggests that IVE can be used to investigate the process of ERF.
doi:10.1145/2993369.2993395
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{faita16,
author = {Faita,Claudia and Vanni,Federico and Tanca,Camilla and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Carrozzino, Marcello and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {VRST '16 Proceedings of the 22nd ACM Conference on Virtual Reality Software and Technolog},
city = {Munich,Germany},
date = {November 02 - 04},
doi = {10.1145/2993369.2993395},
isbn = {978-1-4503-4491-3},
keyword = {pdf:2016_C_Faita,VR},
pages = {61--64},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {Investigating the Process of Emotion Recognition in Immersive and Non-Immersive Virtual Technological Setups},
year = {2016}
}


Fusion of wearable sensors and mobile haptic robot for the assessment in upper limb rehabilitation
Saracino Lucia, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Graziano Alessandro & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems (MFI) (pp. 66-71). IEEE,2016
Abstract:Robot based rehabilitation is gaining traction also thanks to a generation of light and portable devices. This type of rehabilitation offers a high degree of flexibility in the design of interaction software and therapeutic process. There is therefore the need to perform assessment of the patient upper limb state during and after treatment. This paper presents the integration and fusion of a portable rehabilitation robot called MOTORE++ with a wearable tracking system for assessment purposes. The wearable system is based on inertial units together with EMG signals. The combination of the data from both the devices allows to partially evaluate the physiological condition of the user and the influence of the robot in the rehabilitation procedure. Results of an experimental campaign with patients is presented. This work opens also a spectrum of possible developments of adaptive behavior of the robot in the interaction with the patient.
doi:10.1109/MFI.2016.7849468
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{motoremfi2016,
author = {Saracino, Lucia Alessia and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Graziano, Alessandro and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems (MFI)},
doi = {10.1109/MFI.2016.7849468},
keyword = {Motore,pdf:2016_C_SaracinoMFI,project:ECHORD++},
pages = {66--71},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Fusion of wearable sensors and mobile haptic robot for the assessment in upper limb rehabilitation},
year = {2016}
}


MOTORE++ A Portable Haptic Device for Domestic Rehabilitation
Saracino Lucia, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Cappiello Giovanni, Curto Zoran & Scoglio Andrea
42nd Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON) (pp. 728-734). IEEE,2016
Abstract:This paper presents the MOTORE++ system, a Portable, mobile haptic interface with the unique feature of using its wheels to deploy rehabilitation exercises to users. MOTORE++ is a battery powered device, with hot swap batteries, capable to run autonomously for almost an hour. MOTORS++ is a technology shift enhancement improvement over the previous version. Its new electronic architecture allows several communication protocols (RS232, WiFi, Bluetooth) that provide link stability in all running scenarios. The device also implements a cutting edge computing architecture and a novel position sensor jointly developed with Anototo deliver precise sensor fusion and stability to the localization and force generation algorithms. In the present papers we will describe the relevant new features of the device, and we will review the major innovation with respect to the existing mobile haptic interfaces.
doi:10.1109/IECON.2016.7793115
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{motoreiecon2016,
author = {Saracino,Lucia and Avizzano,Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi,Emanuele and Cappiello,Giovanni and Curto,Zoran and Scoglio,Andrea},
booktitle = {42nd Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON)},
doi = {10.1109/IECON.2016.7793115},
keyword = {Motore,pdf:2016_C_SaracinoIECON,motore,project:ECHORD++,ReMeDi},
pages = {728--734},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {MOTORE++ A Portable Haptic Device for Domestic Rehabilitation},
year = {2016}
}


Automatic Visual Based Assessment of the Attitude of a Train Pantograph
Di Stefano Erika, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
International Smart Cities Conference (ISC2) IEEE,2016
Abstract:In this paper we propose an automatic visual based technique, integrated in a wayside monitoring system for train inspection, that allows to assess the attitude of the metal bow of a pantograph by combining a colour image captured by an RGB digital camera and a point cloud built from a range sensor scan. An efficient and fast template-matching procedure allows to detect the pantograph in the scene and associate a matching attitude, searching for the most similar model present in a database. The record of templates belonging to the database exploits a virtual rendering environment that allows to optimize the training stage in terms of computational load and time. During actual inspection the RGB image and point cloud of the pantograph are opportunely processed and aligned to the same reference frame. After the preliminary template-matching step, the point cloud is augmented with the virtual model of the matched template and the attitude angular values are refined by applying the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm between the real object and the virtual one, with the aim of reducing eventual residual errors.
doi:10.1109/ISC2.2016.7580747
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{erika2016,
author = {Di Stefano, Erika and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {International Smart Cities Conference (ISC2)},
doi = {10.1109/ISC2.2016.7580747},
keyword = {pdf:2016_C_DiStefano,project:Trenitalia},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Automatic Visual Based Assessment of the Attitude of a Train Pantograph},
year = {2016}
}


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ArchGenTool: a System-Independent Collaborative Tool for Robotic Architecture Design
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Kostavelis Giannis, Giakoumis Dimitris & Tzovaras Dimitrios
Proc. of 21st International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics IEEE,2016
Abstract:Complex robotic architectures require a collaborative effort in design and adherence to the design in the implementation phse. ArchGentTool is a collaborative architecture generation tool which supports the design of the robotic architecture in a multi-level fashion. It comprises high-level conceptual analysis of the system to be designed, as well as low-level implementation breakdown of its functional components, acting complementary to the ROS framework. The tool facilitates reusability and expandability of the architecture to any robotic system, as it can be adapted to different specifications. A case study with the RAMCIP service robot is presented
doi:10.1109/MMAR.2016.7575079
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{archgen16,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Kostavelis, Giannis and Giakoumis, Dimitris and Tzovaras, Dimitrios},
booktitle = {Proc. of 21st International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics},
doi = {10.1109/MMAR.2016.7575079},
keyword = {project:RAMCIP,pdf:2016_C_RuffaldiArchGen},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {ArchGenTool: a System-Independent Collaborative Tool for Robotic Architecture Design},
year = {2016}
}


CoCo - A framework for multicore visuo-haptics in mixed reality
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Brizzi Filippo
SALENTO AVR, 3rd International Conference on Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality and Computer Graphics (pp. 339-357). Springer,2016
Abstract:Mixed Reality applications involve the integration of RGB-D streams with virtual entities potentially extended with force feedback. Increasing complexity of the applications pushes the limits of traditional computing structures, not keeping up with the increased computing power of multicore platform. This paper presents the CoCo framework, a component based, multicore system designed for tackling the challenges of visuo-haptics in mixed reality environment, with structural reconfiguration. Special care has been also given to the management of transformation between reference frames for easing registration, calibration and integration of robotic systems. The framework is described together with a description of two relevant case studies.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-40621-3_24
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avrcoco2016,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Brizzi, Filippo},
booktitle = {SALENTO AVR, 3rd International Conference on Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality and Computer Graphics},
booktitle2 = {Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and Computer Graphics,AVR 2016, Part I, LNCS 9768},
chapter = {24},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-40621-3_24},
editor = {L.T. De Paolis and A. Mongelli (Eds.)},
howpresented = {oral},
isbn = {978-3-319-40620-6},
keyword = {AR,pdf:2016_C_RuffaldiAVRCOCO,CoCo,ReMeDi,TAUM},
pages = {339--357},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {CoCo - A framework for multicore visuo-haptics in mixed reality},
year = {2016}
}


Third point of view Augmented Reality for robot intentions visualization
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Brizzi Filippo, Bacinelli Sandro & Tecchia Franco
SALENTO AVR, 3rd International Conference on Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality and Computer Graphics (pp. 471-478). Springer,2016
Abstract:Lightweight, head-up displays integrated in industrial hel- mets allow to provide contextual information for industrial scenarios such as in maintenance. Moving from single display and single camera solu- tions to stereo perception and display opens new interaction possibilities. In particular this paper addresses the case of information sharing by a Baxter robot displayed to the user overlooking at the real scene. System design and interaction ideas are being presented.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-40621-3_35
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avrtaum2016,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Brizzi, Filippo and Bacinelli, Sandro and Tecchia, Franco},
booktitle = {SALENTO AVR, 3rd International Conference on Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality and Computer Graphics},
booktitle2 = {Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and Computer Graphics,AVR 2016, Part I, LNCS 9768},
chapter = {35},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-40621-3_35},
editor = {L.T. De Paolis and A. Mongelli (Eds.)},
howpresented = {poster},
isbn = {978-3-319-40620-6},
keyword = {AR,pdf:2016_C_RuffaldiAVRTAUM,CoCo,TAUM},
pages = {471--478},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {Third point of view Augmented Reality for robot intentions visualization},
year = {2016}
}


A wireless haptic data suit for controlling humanoid robots
Graziano Alessandro, Tripicchio Paolo, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
47th International Symposium on Robotics (ISR) (pp. 1-8). VDE Verlag GmbH,2016
Abstract:In this paper we present a novel wearable suit for haptic feedback capabilities at user's hands combined with upper body motion tracking. In the work we present both the system design and the algorithms used for motion tracking and haptic rendering. The overall system was applied to the co-located tele-operation of the Baxter research robot to perform manipulative tasks usually carried out by human personnel in the industry.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{isr2016,
author = {Graziano, Alessandro and Tripicchio, Paolo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {47th International Symposium on Robotics (ISR)},
city = {Munich},
howpresented = {oral},
ieeexplore = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7559136/},
isbn = {978-380074231-8},
keyword = {TAUM,Baxter,motion,haptics,pdf:2016_C_GrazianoISR},
pages = {1--8},
publisher = {VDE Verlag GmbH},
title = {A wireless haptic data suit for controlling humanoid robots},
year = {2016}
}


Data collection and processing for a multimodal Learning Analytic System
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Dabisias Giacomo, Landolfi Lorenzo & Spikol Daniel
IEEE SAI Conference, London (pp. 858-863). IEEE,2016
Abstract:Learning Analytic (LA) systems are aimed at supporting teachers in understanding the learning process by analyzing the information and the interaction of students with computer systems. In the case of a project-based learning process there is a need of introducing measure the student' activity as acquired via multiple modalities and then processed. The acquisition and processing needs to take into account the specificities of the learning context and deployment at schools, in particular in terms of system architecture. The paper proposes an architecture for the acquisition and processing of data for project-based LA designed to be interoperable and scalable. System design, details of the solutions and brief examples of acquired data are presented.
doi:10.1109/SAI.2016.7556079
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{sai2016,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele and Dabisias, Giacomo and Landolfi, Lorenzo and Spikol, Daniel},
booktitle = {IEEE SAI Conference, London},
doi = {10.1109/SAI.2016.7556079},
keyword = {PELARS,pdf:2016_C_RuffaldiSAI.pdf,computer aided instruction;data acquisition;educational institutions;computer systems;data acquisition;data processing;learning context;learning deployment;multimodal learning analytic system;project-based LA design;project-based learning process;schools;student activity;student interaction;system architecture;Cameras;Computers;Context;Data collection;Data visualization;Sensors;Servers;Learning Analytics;data processing;learning;learning modalities;teacher support},
month = {July},
pages = {858--863},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Data collection and processing for a multimodal Learning Analytic System},
year = {2016}
}


Exploring the interplay between human and machine annotated multimodal learning analytics in hands-on STEM Activities
Spikol Daniel, Avramide , Vogel Bathtijar, Luckin Rose, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Manolis Mavrikis
Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference (LAK) (pp. 522-523). ACM,2016
doi:10.1145/2883851.2883920
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{lak2016,
author = {Spikol, Daniel and Avramide,s Katerina, Cukurova, Mutlu and Vogel, Bathtijar and Luckin, Rose and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Manolis,Mavrikis},
booktitle = {Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference (LAK)},
doi = {10.1145/2883851.2883920},
howpresented = {poster},
pages = {522--523},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {Exploring the interplay between human and machine annotated multimodal learning analytics in hands-on STEM Activities},
year = {2016}
}


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SOMA: An OpenMP Toolchain For Multicore Partitioning
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Dabisias Giacomo, Brizzi Filippo & Buttazzo Giorgio
31st ACM/SIGAPP Symposium on Applied Computing (pp. 1231-1237). ACM,2016
Abstract:Advancements in multicore platforms enabled the develop- ment of complex embedded systems incorporating algorithms that were typically executed on high-performance worksta- tions. Although many solutions exist today for supporting software development on multicore platforms, they rarely take timing constraints into account. This work presents a toolchain aimed at guaranteeing real-time constraints into parallel OpenMP code. This toolchain, called SOMA uses code profiling for estimating the multicore requirements and produces a static schedule for a set of parallel tasks. The toolchain is implemented using the source-to-source transla- tion capabilities of CLang. Performance results are provided on a computer vision application
doi:10.1145/2851613.2851720
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{soma2016,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Dabisias, Giacomo and Brizzi, Filippo and Buttazzo, Giorgio},
booktitle = {31st ACM/SIGAPP Symposium on Applied Computing},
doi = {10.1145/2851613.2851720},
howpresented = {oral},
isbn = {978-145033739-7},
keyword = {multicore,OpenMP,pdf:2016_C_RuffaldiMP},
pages = {1231--1237},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {SOMA: An OpenMP Toolchain For Multicore Partitioning},
year = {2016}
}


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Toward Autonomous Robots for Demolitions in Unstructured Environments
Corucci Francesco & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Intelligent Autonomous Systems 13 (pp. 1515-1532). Springer International Publishing,2016
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-08338-4_109
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{corucciIAS13,
author = {Corucci, Francesco and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Intelligent Autonomous Systems 13},
bookurl = {http://www.springer.com/engineering/computational+intelligence+and+complexity/book/978-3-319-08337-7},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-08338-4_109},
editor = {Menegatti, Emanuele and Michael, Nathan and Berns, Karsten and Yamaguchi, Hiroaki},
isbn = {978-3-319-08337-7},
keyword = {pid:CP14.3,pdf:2014_C_IAS_Corucci,scopus:yes,youbot},
language = {English},
pages = {1515-1532},
publisher = {Springer International Publishing},
series = {Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing},
title = {Toward Autonomous Robots for Demolitions in Unstructured Environments},
volume = {302},
year = {2016}
}


A Haptic-Assisted Guidance System For Working Machines Based on Virtual Force Fields
Patrinostro Simone, Tanzini Matteo, Satler Massimo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
International Conference on Information, Communication and Automation Technologies (ICAT) (pp. 1-6). IEEE,2015
Abstract:This paper presents a new approach to improve the remote navigation of a teleoperated demolition machine. To improve navigation usability of the teleoperated system the following topics will be covered: obstacle avoidance, wall alignment, and machine optimal positioning for demolition operations. In order to enhance the ability of the operator to navigate in a cluttered environment, a Haptic-Assisted Guidance System(HAGS) will be introduced. HAGS is a guidance system based on haptic simulation which improves the awareness of the operator on the surrounding environment. The solution proposed has been tested using a virtual environment scenario and a commercial Haptic interface, the results have been analyzed and discussed.
doi:10.1109/ICAT.2015.7340503
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tanzinipatri2015,
author = {Patrinostro, Simone and Tanzini, Matteo and Satler, Massimo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {International Conference on Information, Communication and Automation Technologies (ICAT)},
city = {Sarajevo},
doi = {10.1109/ICAT.2015.7340503},
keyword = {haptics,virtual force fields,working machines,pdf:2015_C_ICATPatri,ScopusEID::2-s2.0-84960892298,scopus:yes},
pages = {1--6},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {A Haptic-Assisted Guidance System For Working Machines Based on Virtual Force Fields},
year = {2015}
}


An Optimal Geometric Model for Clavels Delta Robot
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Alessandro Filippeschi, Jacinto Villegas Juan Manuel & Ruffaldi Emanuele
IEEE European Modeling Symposium (pp. 232-237). IEEE,2015
Abstract:This paper discusses the Clavels Delta parallel robot and proposes an alternate solution to its kinemat- ics/dynamic model. We meant to integrate these models into on a small electrical driving circuit that integrates an onboard mi- crocontroller. We designed the solution by taking into account the reduced computing capability of small embedded systems. Direct kinematics (DK), differential kinematics, both direct (J) and inverse (invJ), and a simplified dynamic model will also be presented. The novelty of the approach relies in a series of geometric properties that allow to reduce the computational load. When the three kinematics are computed together (DK, J, invJ), their computations can be expressed in few lines of code. The accuracy of motion, as well as the reduced computing power, will be compared to classic algorithms . The proposed algorithms have been implemented in a working system in the context of a telemedicine project.
doi:10.1109/EMS.2015.84
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzano2015ems,
author = {Avizzano ,Carlo Alberto and Alessandro,Filippeschi and Jacinto Villegas, Juan Manuel and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {IEEE European Modeling Symposium},
city = {Madrid,Spain},
doi = {10.1109/EMS.2015.84},
isbn = {978-1-5090-0206-1},
keyword = {ReMeDi,haptics,delta,pdf:2015_C_AvizzanoEMS},
pages = {232--237},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {An Optimal Geometric Model for Clavels Delta Robot},
year = {2015}
}


A Low Cost Open-Controller for Interactive Robotic System
Jacinto Villegas Juan Manuel, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
IEEE European Modeling Symposium (pp. 462-468). IEEE,2015
Abstract:This paper presents the design and development of a new low cost device that allows real-time control application of a robotic system using novel methodologies of component based design: processor in the loop tuning and low/high level control. The particular design of this electronic board allows to control up to three permanent magnet (PM) DC motors per board that can be attached to magnetic or optical encoders. A triple USB connection can be used to program, debug and control simultaneously the different features of the board. Moreover, the generation of a new Simulink library allows debug for process analysis using Matlab/Simulink external mode as well as traditional code analysis protocol within the developer toolchain. The controller board has been developed for academic activities, but has also proven to be valid and robust in prototype application without requiring knowledge of device internals. The paper describes the design and hardware system, the development toolchain and evaluation test is presented and discussed.
doi:10.1109/EMS.2015.75
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{jacinto2015ems,
author = {Jacinto Villegas, Juan Manuel and Avizzano ,Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {IEEE European Modeling Symposium},
city = {Madrid,Spain},
doi = {10.1109/EMS.2015.75},
isbn = {978-1-5090-0206-1},
keyword = {ReMeDi,electronics,pdf:2015_C_Jacinto},
pages = {462--468},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {A Low Cost Open-Controller for Interactive Robotic System},
year = {2015}
}


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Augmented Reality-aided Tele-presence System for Robot Manipulation in Industrial Manufacturing
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Brizzi Filippo, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Proceedings of the 21st ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST) (pp. 237-240). ACM,2015
Abstract:This work investigates the use of a highly immersive telepresence system for industrial robotics. A Robot Operating System integrated framework is presented where a remote robot is controlled through operator's movements and muscle contractions captured with a wearable device. An augmented 3D visual feedback is sent to the user providing the remote environment scenario from the robot's point of view and additional information pertaining to the task execution. The system proposed, using robot mounted RGB-D camera, identifies known objects and relates their pose to robot arm pose and to targets relevant to the task execution. The system is preliminary validated during a pick-and-place task using a Baxter robot. The experiment shows the practicability and the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
doi:10.1145/2821592.2821620
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{peppoloni2015vrst,
acmid = {2821620},
address = {New York, NY, USA},
author = {Peppoloni, Lorenzo and Brizzi, Filippo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 21st ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST)},
doi = {10.1145/2821592.2821620},
isbn = {978-1-4503-3990-2},
keyword = {augmented and mixed reality, tele-operation and tele-presence, tracking and sensing,TAUM,AR,augmented reality,EMG,wearable,oculus,pdf:2015_C_VRST,Baxter,VR,AR,CoCo},
location = {Beijing, China},
numpages = {4},
pages = {237--240},
publisher = {ACM},
series = {VRST '15},
title = {Augmented Reality-aided Tele-presence System for Robot Manipulation in Industrial Manufacturing},
year = {2015}
}


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Encountered-type haptic interface for virtual interaction with real objects based on implicit surface haptic rendering for remote palpation
Filippeschi Alessandro, Brizzi Filippo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Jacinto Juan Manuel & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
IEEE IROS Proceedings (pp. 5904-5909). ,2015
Abstract:The shortage of physicians afflicting developed countries encourages engineers and doctors to collaborate towards the development of telemedicine. In particular, robotic systems have the potential for helping doctors making examination. A very common examination that can be the goal of a robotic system is palpation. Most of the robotics systems that have been developed for palpation present interesting features such as integrating augmented reality environments or allowing for hand free interaction. In this paper we present a novel palpation system that allows us to perform virtual palpation of real objects by means of a haptic and an augmented reality feedback. This system features an encountered-type haptic interface in which the haptic feedback is calculated by a collision detection algorithm that is based on online recording of the surface to be touched. The system allows the users to remove their hand from the haptic interface end-effector that follows the user?s hand thanks to the tracking performed by a Leap Motion. We show that the system provides a natural interaction during the contact-non contact switch, a suitable force during indentation, and it allows to discriminate objects within the body through the haptic channel.
doi:10.1109/IROS.2015.7354216
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{fili2015iros,
author = {Filippeschi,Alessandro and Brizzi,Filippo and Ruffaldi,Emanuele and Jacinto, Juan Manuel and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {IEEE IROS Proceedings},
city = {Hamburg,Germany},
doi = {10.1109/IROS.2015.7354216},
keyword = {ReMeDi,haptics,AR,pdf:2015_C_IROS_Filippeschi,CoCo},
pages = {5904--5909},
title = {Encountered-type haptic interface for virtual interaction with real objects based on implicit surface haptic rendering for remote palpation},
year = {2015}
}


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Co-Located haptic interaction for Virtual USG exploration
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Brizzi Filippo, Filippeschi Alessandro & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Proceedings of IEEE EMBC (pp. 1548-1551). ,2015
Abstract:Ultrasonography is a widespread diagnostic tech- nique that can take advantage of virtual reality techniques for the purpose of training and rehearsal. The placement, orientation and body interaction of the probe is fundamental for the execution of the exploration. This paper introduces a virtual reality setup that employs visuo-haptic feedback for virtual ultrasonography. The haptic feedback is provided by desktop delta-like haptic interface with a 3D printed ultrasonography probe, and employs haptic point-cloud rendering with implicit surface rendering. The visual feedback is provided by a Head Mounted Display that displays the virtual body, the probe and the operators hand while not in contact with the probe. The system provides a co-located experience by means of precise calibration of the reference system allowing to synchronize the display of the hand and the probe with the location of the corresponding physical entities.
doi:10.1109/EMBC.2015.7318667
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldiusg15,
author = {Ruffaldi ,Emanuele and Brizzi, Filippo and Filippeschi ,Alessandro and Avizzano ,Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE EMBC},
doi = {10.1109/EMBC.2015.7318667},
keyword = {ReMeDi,AR,Delta,haptics,pdf:2015_C_EMBCRuffaldi,CoCo},
pages = {1548--1551},
title = {Co-Located haptic interaction for Virtual USG exploration},
year = {2015}
}


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Human motion energy harvesting using a piezoelectric MFC patch
Bassani Giulia, Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Proceedings of IEEE EMBC (pp. 5070-5073). ,2015
Abstract:The improvements in efficiency of electronic com- ponents and miniaturization is quickly pushing wearable de- vices and cloth-embedded electronics. Human energy harvesting is a way to power these components reducing the need of batteries and charging. Among the different approaches in harvesting energy, the use of kinetic energy is quite interesting in particular for powering during exercise and moving activity independently of body temperature. This work explores the case of kinetic energy from bending of a piezoelectric patch. For assessing the quality of the system a testing setup has been designed and controlled by means of knee joint recordings obtained from a large motion dataset. The results of the chosen patch is presented with promising results.
doi:10.1109/EMBC.2015.7319531
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{bassanizero15,
author = {Bassani, Giulia and Filippeschi ,Alessandro and Ruffaldi ,Emanuele},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE EMBC},
doi = {10.1109/EMBC.2015.7319531},
keyword = {zeropower,harvesting,wearable,pdf:2015_C_Bassani},
pages = {5070--5073},
title = {Human motion energy harvesting using a piezoelectric MFC patch},
xhowpresented = {poster},
year = {2015}
}


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Encountered haptic Augmented Reality interface for remote examination
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro, Jacinto Juan Manuel, Brizzi Filippo & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Proceedings of IEEE 3DUI (pp. 179-180). ,2015
Abstract:This paper presents an interaction system for haptic based remote palpation and in general remote examination. In particular the proposed approach combines 3D representation of the remote environment with encountered haptic feedback aiming at high transparency and natureleness of interaction. The paradigm is described as interaction design and system implementation.
doi:10.1109/3DUI.2015.7131759
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldienc15,
author = {Ruffaldi ,Emanuele and Filippeschi ,Alessandro and Jacinto ,Juan Manuel and Brizzi, Filippo and Avizzano ,Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE 3DUI},
doi = {10.1109/3DUI.2015.7131759},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {ReMeDi,AR,GRAB,haptics,scopus:yes,pdf:2015_C_3DUI_Ruffaldi,AR,haptics,CoCo},
pages = {179--180},
title = {Encountered haptic Augmented Reality interface for remote examination},
year = {2015}
}


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Immersive ROS-integrated framework for robot teleoperation
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Brizzi Filippo, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Proceedings of IEEE 3DUI (pp. 177-178). ,2015
Abstract:The development of natural interfaces for human-robot interaction provides the user an intuitive way to control and guide robots. In this paper, we propose a novel ROS (Robot Operating System)- integrated interface for remote control that allows the user to teleoperate the robot using his hands motion. The user can adjust online the autonomy of the robot between two levels: direct control and waypoint following. The hand tracking and gestures recognition capabilities of the Leap Motion device are exploited to generate the control commands. The user receives a real-time 3D augmented visual feedback using a Kinect sensor and a HMD. To assess the practicability of the system experimental results are presented using as a benchmark the remote control of a Kuka Youbot.
doi:10.1109/3DUI.2015.7131758
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{peppoloniros15,
author = {Peppoloni ,Lorenzo and Brizzi, Filippo and Avizzano ,Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE 3DUI},
doi = {10.1109/3DUI.2015.7131758},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {TAUM,AR,Youbot,scopus:yes,pdf:2015_C_3DUI_Peppoloni,CoCo},
pages = {177--178},
title = {Immersive ROS-integrated framework for robot teleoperation},
year = {2015}
}


CSCL Opportunities with Digital Fabrication through Learning Analytics
Spikol Daniel, Avramides Katerina, Katterfeldt Eva-sophie, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Cuartelles David
Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning : Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Conference 2015;2 (pp. 697-698). ,2015
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{pelars2,
author = {Spikol, Daniel and Avramides,Katerina and Katterfeldt,Eva-Sophie and Ruffaldi,Emanuele and Cuartelles, David},
booktitle = {Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning : Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Conference 2015;2},
editor = {International Society of the Learning Sciences},
howpresented = {poster},
isbn = {978-0-9903550-7-6},
issn = {1573-4552},
keyword = {PELARS,pdf:2015_P_Spikol},
pages = {697--698},
title = {CSCL Opportunities with Digital Fabrication through Learning Analytics},
year = {2015}
}


A Learning Analytics framework for practice-based learning
Dabisias Giacomo, Spikol Daniel & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning : Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Conference 2015;2 (pp. 740-742). ,2015
Abstract:The role of the PELARS Learning Analytics System (LAS) system is to collect information from students performing project-based tasks, reason on such information and provide visualization to teachers and students, that is usable for understanding the learning process. The information collected by the LAS comprises pieces of information collected directly by the Students, and other collected by the System automatically. In this work we will provide a comprehensive description of the framework and the motivations behind the various decisions. The software framework will be described starting from the broad vision of the context and then the different components will be described in detail.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{pelars1,
author = {Dabisias,Giacomo and Spikol, Daniel and Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning : Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Conference 2015;2},
editor = {International Society of the Learning Sciences},
howpresented = {poster},
isbn = {978-0-9903550-7-6},
issn = {1573-4552},
keyword = {PELARS,pdf:2015_P_PELARSLAS},
pages = {740--742},
title = {A Learning Analytics framework for practice-based learning},
year = {2015}
}


Towards Smart Farming and Sustainable Agriculture with Drones
Tripicchio Paolo, Satler Massimo, Dabisias Giacomo, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
IE, 11th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Environments (pp. 140-143). IEEE,2015
Abstract:The use of drones in agriculture is becoming more and more popular. The paper presents a novel approach to dis- tinguish between different fields plowing techniques by means of an RGB-D sensor. The presented system can be easily integrated in commercially available Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). In order to successfully classify the plowing techniques, two different measurement algorithms have been developed. Experimental tests show that the proposed methodology is able to provide a good classification of the fields plowing depths
doi:10.1109/IE.2015.29
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{farming15,
author = {Tripicchio, Paolo and Satler, Massimo and Dabisias, Giacomo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {IE, 11th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Environments},
city = {Prague},
date = {15-17 July 2015},
doi = {10.1109/IE.2015.29},
dummy = {},
keyword = {pdf:2015_C_Campi,IEEE},
pages = {140--143},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Towards Smart Farming and Sustainable Agriculture with Drones},
year = {2015}
}


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Evaluation of multimodal feedback effects on the time-course of motor learning in multimodal VR platform for rowing training
Korman Maria, Yifat Shorr, Gopher Daniel, Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
ICVR, International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation (pp. 158-159). IEEE,2015
Abstract:This study focused on the benefits of feedback augmentation for multi-session training of a complex motor-cognitive skill of indoor rowing in virtual environment. Specifically, we compared the effectiveness of augmented information feedback provided per training trial either visually, haptically or visual- haptically to the non-augmented condition, where no on-line feedback on task performance was afforded during training sessions. Surprisingly, the non-augmented training group was in general as successful in the long-term learning of a rowing skill as the augmented groups and according to some measures even superior to them. Our results also highlight important differences in the course of learning and skill representation upon different feedback conditions provided during training and may provide useful insights to the optimization for both sport and rehabilitation training protocols in VR
doi:10.1109/ICVR.2015.7358628
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{row15korman,
author = {Korman,Maria and Yifat,Shorr and Gopher,Daniel and Filippeschi,Alessandro and Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {ICVR, International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation},
doi = {10.1109/ICVR.2015.7358628},
dummy = {},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {rowing,SKILLS,pdf:2015_P_ICVRYifat,haptics},
pages = {158--159},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Evaluation of multimodal feedback effects on the time-course of motor learning in multimodal VR platform for rowing training},
year = {2015}
}


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A networked haptic embedded controller
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Leonardis D. & Bergamasco Massimo
Industrial Embedded Systems (SIES), 2014 9th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 52-57). ,2014
doi:10.1109/SIES.2014.6871186
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzanoSIES14,
author = {Avizzano, C.A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Leonardis, D. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {Industrial Embedded Systems (SIES), 2014 9th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/SIES.2014.6871186},
keyword = {Internet;controllers;haptic;embedded systems;haptic interfaces;microprocessor chips;rendering (computer graphics);dual core processor;embedded computing systems;haptic devices;haptic rendering;high-level application layers;home appliances;low-level controls;network controller;networked haptic embedded controller;smart TV;smart devices;web server interface;Browsers;Digital signal processing;Force;Haptic interfaces;Protocols;Rendering (computer graphics);Web server,pid:CP14.4,ugov:yes,pdf:2014_C_SIES_Avizzano,scopus:yes},
month = {June},
pages = {52-57},
title = {A networked haptic embedded controller},
year = {2014}
}


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Evaluating Virtual Embodiment with the ALEx Exoskeleton
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Barsotti Michele, Leonardis Daniele, Bassani Giulia, Frisoli Antonio & Bergamasco Massimo
Haptics: Neuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications (EuroHaptics 2014) (pp. 133-140). Springer Berlin Heidelberg,2014
Abstract:The assessment of virtual embodiment has focused primarily on experimental paradigms based on multisensory congruent cues, such as auditory, tactile, visual and motor, mainly due to the technological limitations of haptic feedback. In this work virtual embodiment in an avatar is assessed by means of a new lightweight exoskeleton (ALEx) with a focus on the perception of danger and aggressive behavior. In particular an experiment has been designed assessing the effectiveness of haptic feedback while interacting with an opponent avatar. Experiments are evaluated based on physiological measures and questionnaires.
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-44193-0_18
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldiEH14,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Barsotti, Michele and Leonardis, Daniele and Bassani, Giulia and Frisoli, Antonio and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Haptics: Neuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications (EuroHaptics 2014)},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-662-44193-0_18},
editor = {Auvray, Malika and Duriez, Christian},
howpresented = {poster},
isbn = {978-3-662-44192-3},
keyword = {pid:CP14.5,pdf:2014_CH_EH_Ruffaldi,VERE,VR,exos,haptics,scopus:yes},
language = {English},
pages = {133-140},
publisher = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
title = {Evaluating Virtual Embodiment with the ALEx Exoskeleton},
year = {2014}
}


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Assessment of task ergonomics with an upper limb wearable device
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Control and Automation (MED), 2014 22nd Mediterranean Conference of (pp. 340-345). ,2014
doi:10.1109/MED.2014.6961394
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{peppoloniMED14,
author = {Peppoloni, L. and Filippeschi, A. and Ruffaldi, E.},
booktitle = {Control and Automation (MED), 2014 22nd Mediterranean Conference of},
doi = {10.1109/MED.2014.6961394},
keyword = {ERGANE,motion,electromyography;ergonomics;medical signal processing;EMG;EMG sensors;ULWMSD diagnosis;ecologic environment;forearm flexor muscle monitoring;human upper limb;inertial units;kinematic chain;muscle effort assessment;muscular effort;objective assessment;pen-and-paper observational techniques;shoulder;task ergonomics assessment;three DoFs;three degrees of freedom;two DoFs;upper limb posture reconstruction;upper limb wearable device;upper limb work-related musculo skeletal disorders;video tapes;wired system;work-related pathologies;wrist;Elbow;Electromyography;Joints;Monitoring;Muscles;Sensors;Wrist,pdf:2014_C_MED_Peppoloni,pid:CP14.6,scopus:yes},
month = {June},
pages = {340-345},
title = {Assessment of task ergonomics with an upper limb wearable device},
video = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HCMgtPqMci4},
year = {2014}
}


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A novel wearable biometric capture system
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Control and Automation (MED), 2014 22nd Mediterranean Conference of (pp. 351-355). ,2014
doi:10.1109/MED.2014.6961396
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzanoMED14,
author = {Avizzano, C.A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {Control and Automation (MED), 2014 22nd Mediterranean Conference of},
doi = {10.1109/MED.2014.6961396},
keyword = {ERGANE,motion,biometrics (access control);electromyography;embedded systems;feature extraction;software architecture;user interfaces;ADC channels;EMG acquisition;EMG reconstruction;Web interface;embedded computing system;extensible computing system;feature detection;host system;inertial measurement units;magnetic measurement units;motion reconstruction;muscular stress;myo-electric signals;plugin architecture;portable server architecture;shared library;software architecture;wearable biometric capture system;Biomedical monitoring;Computer architecture;Data visualization;Electromyography;Sensors;Servers;Wireless communication,pid:CP14.7,ugov:yes,pdf:2014_C_MED_Avizzano},
month = {June},
pages = {351-355},
title = {A novel wearable biometric capture system},
year = {2014}
}


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A ROS-integrated architecture to learn manipulation tasks from a single demonstration
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Di Fava Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, 2014 RO-MAN: The 23rd IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 537-542). ,2014
Abstract:In the robot programming by demonstration (PbD) framework, the high-level representation of a skill in a series of action units gives an intuitive method to program and instruct robot behaviors. In this context we present a ROS (Robot Operating System) integrated architecture for learning households manipulation tasks by one observation. The user is observed during the execution of everyday tasks, every action is analyzed and its effect is translated into changes in the environment state. During the observation a strip-like map of the task is built and stored as a sequence of actions. From the map obtained the task can be performed. A planner robustly adapts the execution both to different environment initial conditions and to possible faults, occurring during the operations. We test the capability of the chosen approach to autonomously learn and robustly perform complex tasks, such as setting up and clearing a table in a real kitchen-like environment.
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2014.6926308
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{peppoloni2014roman,
author = {Peppoloni, L. and Di Fava, A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C.A.},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, 2014 RO-MAN: The 23rd IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2014.6926308},
keyword = {manipulators;operating systems (computers);robot programming;service robots;ROS-integrated architecture;high-level skill representation;household manipulation task learning;intuitive method;kitchen-like environment;robot behaviors;robot operating system;robot programming;strip-like map;task planner;Glass;Navigation;Planning;Robot programming;Silicon;Trajectory,pid:CP14.8,ugov:yes,pdf:2014_C_ROMAN_Peppoloni},
month = {Aug},
pages = {537-542},
title = {A ROS-integrated architecture to learn manipulation tasks from a single demonstration},
year = {2014}
}


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A novel approach to motion tracking with wearable sensors based on Probabilistic Graphical Models
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Peppoloni Lorenzo, Filippeschi Alessandro & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2014 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1247-1252). ,2014
Abstract:Wearable motion tracking systems represent a breakthrough in ecological motion tracking. Their effectiveness has been proved in many fields, from performance assessment to human-robot interaction. Most of the approaches are based on the exploitation of optimal probabilistic filtering of inertial motion units (IMUs) signals, ranging from linear Kalman Filters (KF) to Particle filters (PF). Since most of the models are highly nonlinear, filters such as Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) and Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) are typically used. These approaches cause all the variables of the models to be correlated each other. Probabilistic Graphical Models (PGM) are a framework for probabilistic reasoning that allows to explicitly declare the actual dependencies among variables. In this paper we propose a novel algorithm for motion tracking with IMUs based on PGM. The model is compared to the state of the art UKF algorithm in tracking the human upper limb. The results show that the proposed approach perform a slightly better compared to the UKF.
doi:10.1109/ICRA.2014.6907013
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2014pgm,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Peppoloni, L. and Filippeschi, A. and Avizzano, C.A.},
booktitle = {Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2014 IEEE International Conference on},
doi = {10.1109/ICRA.2014.6907013},
keyword = {motion,ERGANE,Kalman filters;imu,sensor fusion,biosensors;human-robot interaction;inertial systems;nonlinear filters;probability;tracking;EKF;IMU;PGM;UKF;ecological motion tracking;extended Kalman filter;inertial motion units;linear Kalman filters;motion tracking;optimal probabilistic filtering;particle filters;probabilistic graphical models;probabilistic reasoning;unscented Kalman filter;wearable motion tracking systems;wearable sensors;Equations;Estimation;Joints;Kalman filters;Kinematics;Mathematical model;Tracking,pdf:2014_C_ICRA_Ruffaldi,pid:CP14.1,ugov:yes},
month = {May},
pages = {1247-1252},
title = {A novel approach to motion tracking with wearable sensors based on Probabilistic Graphical Models},
year = {2014}
}


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A connectionist actor-critic algorithm for faster learning and biological plausibility
Johard Leonard & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2014 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 3903-3909). ,2014
doi:10.1109/ICRA.2014.6907425
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{johard2014,
author = {Johard, L. and Ruffaldi, E.},
booktitle = {Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2014 IEEE International Conference on},
doi = {10.1109/ICRA.2014.6907425},
keyword = {biology computing;gradient methods;learning (artificial intelligence);neural nets;biologically plausible actor-critic algorithm;connectionist actor-critic algorithm;dopaminergic signaling patterns;intrinsic reward system;model-free reinforcement learning;neural actor-critic;polecart problem;policy gradients;Backpropagation;Biological system modeling;Learning (artificial intelligence);Neurons;Supervised learning;Training,pid:CP14.2,ugov:yes,pdf:2014_C_ICRA_Johard,scopus:yes},
month = {May},
pages = {3903-3909},
title = {A connectionist actor-critic algorithm for faster learning and biological plausibility},
year = {2014}
}


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A novel 7 degrees of freedom model for upper limb kinematic reconstruction based on wearable sensors
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Intelligent Systems and Informatics (SISY), 2013 IEEE 11th International Symposium on (pp. 105-110). ,2013
Abstract:Wearable motion tracking systems have gained large popularity in the last decades because of their effectiveness in many fields, from performance assessment to human-robot interaction. Among all the approaches, those based on inertial sensors have been widely explored. Since inertial sensors are affected by measurements drift, they need to be aided by other sensors, thus requiring sensor measurements to be fused. The most used sensor fusion techniques are based on Kalman filter. In particular, the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) and the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) are used because of the non linearity characterizing most of the models. They often aim at reconstructing human motion by estimating limbs orientation, involving human's kinematics to constrain relative motion of the limbs. These models often neglect part of the degrees of freedom (DoFs) that characterize human upper limbs, especially when modeling humerus motion with respect to the chest. In this paper we present a novel 7 DoFs model which represents a trade-off between modeling accuracy and complexity for the human upper limb. In particular, we model the human shoulder girdle taking into account also the humerus head's elevation and the retraction due to the scapula's and the clavicle's motions. The model exploits inertial sensors measurements by means of an Unscented Kalman filter to reconstruct human movements. The system performance is validated firstly against a reconstruction based on an optical tracking system. Secondly, the 5 DoFs model extracted form the 7 DoFs one was checked to have state of the art performance and used to estimate the improvement of position estimation that are obtained by extending the model to 7 DoFs.
doi:10.1109/SISY.2013.6662551
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{peppoloni2013novel,
author = {Peppoloni, L. and Filippeschi, A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C.A.},
booktitle = {Intelligent Systems and Informatics (SISY), 2013 IEEE 11th International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/SISY.2013.6662551},
keyword = {star:,motion,ERGANE,IMU,sensor fusion,Kalman filters;biomechanics;motion estimation;nonlinear filters;physiological models;sensor fusion;wearable computers;7 degrees of freedom model;clavicle motions;human movement reconstruction;human shoulder girdle;human upper limb;humerus head elevation;inertial sensors measurements;optical tracking system;position estimation;scapula motions;unscented Kalman filter;upper limb kinematic reconstruction;wearable sensors;Adaptive optics;Estimation;Joints;Kinematics;Optical sensors;Shoulder,pid:CP13.3,scopus:yes,pdf:2013_C_SISYPeppoloni},
month = {Sept},
pages = {105-110},
title = {A novel 7 degrees of freedom model for upper limb kinematic reconstruction based on wearable sensors},
year = {2013}
}


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A flexible framework for mobile based haptic rendering
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Satler Massimo, Rosati Papini Gastone Pietro & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 22nd IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 732-737). ,2013
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2013.6628400
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2013flexible,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Satler, Massimo and Rosati Papini, Gastone Pietro and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 22nd IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2013.6628400},
keyword = {pid:CP13.2,Motore,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2013_C_ROMAN_Motore},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {732--737},
title = {A flexible framework for mobile based haptic rendering},
year = {2013}
}


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A novel human-machine interface for working machines operation
Tanzini Matteo, Tripicchio Paolo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Galgani Guido, Lutzemberger Giovanni & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 22nd IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 744-750). ,2013
Abstract:The future of working machines winks to semi autonomy and latest technological aids to improve the quality of operations as well as the easiness of specific tasks execution. This field can take great advantage of latest human-machine interface (HMI) technologies that has been applied in the last years in field like virtual environments and robotics. The present paper discusses a novel approach for interactive operation of working machines. The approach combines traditional controls with visual/vision and haptic interactions. A wearable projection system has been introduced with the purpose of describing a wide set of localized commands recognized by the system's vision module. A preliminary setup has been developed using a simplified demonstration platform. A test session applied to a manipulation robot is presented to evaluate the performance of the proposed solutions in terms of task effectiveness, neglect tolerance, interaction effort and usability of the human-machine interface.
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2013.6628402
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tanzini2013novel,
author = {Tanzini, Matteo and Tripicchio, Paolo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Galgani, Guido and Lutzemberger, Giovanni and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 22nd IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2013.6628402},
keyword = {pid:CP13.1,scopus:yes,pdf:2013_C_ROMANmachine,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-84889561257},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {744--750},
title = {A novel human-machine interface for working machines operation},
year = {2013}
}


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A method for digital representation of human movements
Lippi Vittorio, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 21st IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 404-410). ,2012
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2012.6343786
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{lippi2012method,
author = {Lippi, Vittorio and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 21st IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2012.6343786},
keyword = {pid:CP12.2,scopus:yes,pdf:2012_C_ROMANDR},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {404--410},
title = {A method for digital representation of human movements},
year = {2012}
}


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Capturing the rower performance on the SPRINT platform
Filippeschi Alessandro, Tripicchio Paolo, Satler Massimo & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Intelligent Environments (Workshops) (pp. 331-340). IOS Press,2012
doi:10.3233/978-1-61499-080-2-331
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{filippeschi2012capturing,
author = {Filippeschi, Alessandro and Tripicchio, Paolo and Satler, Massimo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Intelligent Environments (Workshops)},
doi = {10.3233/978-1-61499-080-2-331},
editor = {Botia,J.A. and others},
howpresented = {talk},
keyword = {pid:CP12.1,rowing,pdf:2012_C_IErow},
pages = {331--340},
publisher = {IOS Press},
series = {Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments},
title = {Capturing the rower performance on the SPRINT platform},
year = {2012}
}


Evaluation of the light weight Juggling system
Lagarde Julien, Zelic Gregory, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Lippi Vittorio, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Zalmanov Hagar, Lammfromm Rotem, Erev-yehene Vered, Gillian Nick, Omodrain Sile, Mottet Denis & Gopher Daniel
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:This paper presents the training of juggling skills, a highly complex problem of coordination, under tight time and space constraints. This training is achieved with a simple training platform, a light weight juggling platform (LWJ), and is compared to training with real balls. The principle directing the design of the platform is to obtain a simple tool. The simplification, in comparison to real world juggling, is based on the identification of invariant properties in the spatiotemporal coordination of intermediate and expert jugglers. Two classes training solutions were added to the LWJ: An audio-tactile pacing or augmented multimodal environment, and the manipulation of cognitive components of the juggling skills. The transfer to juggling with real balls was evaluated in four different experiments.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100053
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{julien11,
author = {Lagarde, Julien and Zelic, Gregory and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Lippi, Vittorio and Ruffaldi, Emanuelle and Zalmanov, Hagar and Lammfromm, Rotem and Erev-Yehene, Vered and Gillian, Nick and OModrain, Sile and Mottet, Denis and Gopher, Danny},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100053},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_Lagarde,SKILLS,juggling,skills},
title = {Evaluation of the light weight Juggling system},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Real-time error detection for a rowing training system
Johard Leonard, Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:The use of coaches in training provides several advantages to the skill transfer process. However, their use is limited because of cost reasons. Automatic recognition processes, on the other hand, have a vastly lower cost ratio and can replace or integrate many of the functions otherwise performed by a human. The paper presents an effective design of a real-time error recognition system for rowing in a simulator. It was designed in order to be easy to develop, be computationally efcient and offer an excellent classication ability.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100044
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{johard11,
author = {Johard, L. and Filippeschi , A. and Ruffaldi, E.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100044},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_Johard,SKILLS,rowing,ML},
title = {Real-time error detection for a rowing training system},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Machine Learning Analysis of Binaural Rowing Sounds
Johard Leonard, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Hoffmann P., Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:Techniques for machine hearing are increasing their potentiality due to new application domains. In this work we are addressing the analysis of rowing sounds in natural context for the purpose of supporting a training system based on virtual environments. This paper presents the acquisition methodology and the evaluation of different machine learning techniques for classifying rowing-sound data. We see that a combination of principal component analysis and shallow networks perform equally well as deep architectures, while being much faster to train.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100043
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{johard11ML,
author = {Johard, L. and Ruffaldi, E. and Hoffmann, P. and Filippeschi , A. and Ruffaldi, E.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100043},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_JohardML,SKILLS,rowing,sound,ML},
title = {Machine Learning Analysis of Binaural Rowing Sounds},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Filtering Motion Data Through Piecewise Polynomial Approximation
Lippi Vittorio, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Ruffaldi Emanuele
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:In this work we propose a system to lter human movement data and store them into a compact representation. We are interested both in noise reduction and in segmentation. The method described in this paper relies on a iterative optimization and guarantee to converge to a local optimum: it proved anyway to produce stable results and to provide an accurate segmentation on the analyzed data . We analyze the Three ball cascade Juggling as case study: This provides us the challenge to represent both low-pass dynamics of human limbs and juggled balls and the discontinuities produced by contact forces.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100057
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{lippi11pi,
author = {Lippi, V. and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, E.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100057},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_LippiPi,SKILLS,motion},
title = {Filtering Motion Data Through Piecewise Polynomial Approximation},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Mastering Energy Management During Rowing Using Virtual Reality
Hoffmann C., Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Blanc S., Verbrugge L. & Bardy Benoit
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:This study focused on one of the most important factors in rowing performance which is the ability demonstrated by elite rowers to regulate their effort during a 2000m race in order to produce their best performance. Experts are known to adopt a particular pacing strategy with a fast-start profile. The purpose of our study was to test by using virtual reality whether novice rowers were able to acquire this energy management skill during a 2000m race, with positive consequences for their rowing performance. Participants from the Avatar group were instructed to track a virtual boat, which velocity was previously calibrated to follow the appropriate to-be-learned velocity profile. This group was contrasted with a control group, which followed a classic training procedure. Our results indicate that the avatar group improved its performance (decrease in race duration), learned and maintained the expert profile. These effects were absent in the control group. Together, these results indicate that virtual reality can be used to accelerate the learning of energy-related skills.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100035
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{hoffman11,
author = {Hoffmann, C. and Filippeschi, A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Blanc, S. and Verbrugge, L. and Bardy, B.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100035},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_HoffmannEn,minor:,SKILLS,rowing,VR},
title = {Mastering Energy Management During Rowing Using Virtual Reality},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Training Rowing with Virtual Environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro, Bardy Benoit, Marin, Varlet M., Hoffmann C., Korman M., Gopher Daniel & Bergamasco Massimo
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:This paper presents the results of the design, implementation and evaluation of a platform for rowing training in Virtual Reality called SPRINT. The paper discusses how various aspects of the rowing skill can be analyzed and trained over a single common methodology and system platform. The result is a vision for new directions in the domain of sport training with Virtual Reality.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100078
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi11tr,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Filippeschi, A. and Bardy , B. and Marin , L., and Varlet, M. and Hoffmann,C. and Korman, M. and Gopher, D. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100078},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_RuffaldiRow,VR,SKILLS,rowing,minor:},
title = {Training Rowing with Virtual Environments},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Uncontrolled manifold and Juggling: Retrieving a set of Controlled Variables from Data
Lippi Vittorio, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Zelic Gregory, Lagarde Julien, Tripicchio Paolo & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:In this paper we analyze the concept of UnControlled Manifold (UCM), that consists in the kinematic variables that are not controlled by the user, being not relevant to the task. We proceed testing a set of controlled variables inspired by the literature about tracking task, then we propose a procedure to identify them on the basis of captured data. We are interested in the analysis of behavior in a Virtual Environment and in the real world. In particular we analyze the three ball cascade juggling and its simulation through a platform named Light Weight Juggling focusing on the task of ball tossing. Users arm kinematics is represented as a robotic manipulator with 7 degrees of freedom. Joint angles are retrieved through an optical tracking system. The variables controlled in the virtual environment are a subset of the ones controlled in the real world, that leads to an UM that differs from the one in the real world. A comparison between the statistics computed in the two cases is performed to explore behavioral differences in the two cases.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100056
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{lippi11ma,
author = {Lippi, V. and Ruffaldi, E. and Zelic, Gregory and Lagarde, Julien and Tripicchio, P. and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100056},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_LippiMa,SKILLS,juggling,motion},
title = {Uncontrolled manifold and Juggling: Retrieving a set of Controlled Variables from Data},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Preliminary evaluation of timing training accelerator for the SPRINT rowing system
Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Korman M.
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:This paper shows the selection and preliminary evaluation of rowing gesture timing training on the SPRINT platform. After the analysis of experts gestures and a literature review of rowing technique features, the selection of proper feedbacks and the development of the training protocol are investigated. The general problem discussed here is the learning of timing of complex motor pattern under the effect of load. Eight novice adults participated the experiment, half of them receiving vibrotactile feedback (VIB), both receiving knowledge of results (KR) after training blocks. Preliminary results show the difculty people had to accomplish the task and to exploit feedback. There is in fact no evidence of feedback effectiveness when comparing VIB-KR and KR group. Some causes were hypothesized and a side effect of load condition arisen from data. Therefore timing training will be further investigated exploiting information gathered.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100025
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{filippeschi11ex,
author = {Filippeschi , A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Korman, M.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100025},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_FilippeschiTi,SKILLS,rowing,minor:},
title = {Preliminary evaluation of timing training accelerator for the SPRINT rowing system},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Expert rowers motion analysis for synthesis and technique digitalization
Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:Four expert rowers gestures were gathered on the SPRINT rowing platform with the aid of an optic motion tracking system. Data were analyzed in order to get a digital representation of the features involved in rowing. Moreover, these data provide a dataset for developing digital models for rowing motion synthesis. Rowers were modeled as kinematic chains, data were processed in order to get position and orientation of upper body limbs. This representation was combined with SPRINT data in order to evaluate features found in the literature, to find new ones and to build models for the generation of rowing motion. The analysis shows the effectiveness of the motion reconstruction and two examples of technique features: stroke timing and upper limbs orientation during the finish phase.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100024
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{filippeschi11ex,
author = {Filippeschi , A. and Ruffaldi, E.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100024},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_FilippeschiEx,SKILLS,rowing},
title = {Expert rowers motion analysis for synthesis and technique digitalization},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Exploratory analysis on the binaural characteristics of the rowing sound
Hoffmann P.F., Hammershoi Dorte, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Filippeschi Alessandro
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:Differences between the signals captured at the entrances to the left and right ears are generally quantied by interaural time differences (ITDs), interaural level differences (ILDs) and interaural crosscorrelation (IC). Here, we attempt to gain knowledge on the changes of these interaural parameters during rowing and to evaluate their potential as source of information to determine rowing expertise exclusively from acoustic signals.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100037
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{hoffmann11,
author = {Hoffmann, P. F. and Hammershoi, Dorte and Ruffaldi, E. and Filippeschi , A.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100037},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_Hoffmann,SKILLS,rowing,sound},
title = {Exploratory analysis on the binaural characteristics of the rowing sound},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


Evaluation of multimodal feedback effects on improving rowing competencies
Schorr Y., Filippeschi Alessandro, Gopher Daniel, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Korman M.
1st SKILLS International Conference ,2011
Abstract:This study focused on the selection and preliminary evaluation of different types of modal and information feedback in virtual environment to facilitate acquisition and transfer of a complex motor-cognitive skill of rowing. Specifically, we addressed the effectiveness of immediate information feedback provided visually as compared to sensory haptic feedback on the improvement in hands kinematics and changes in cognitive load during the course of learning the basic rowing technique. Several pilot experiments described in this report lead to the evaluation and optimization of the training protocol, to enhance facilitatory effects of adding visual and haptic feedback during training.
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20110100083
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{schorr11,
author = {Schorr, Y. and Filippeschi, A. and Gopher, D. and Ruffaldi, E. and Korman, M.},
booktitle = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
doi = {10.1051/bioconf/20110100083},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_Shorr,SKILLS,rowing},
title = {Evaluation of multimodal feedback effects on improving rowing competencies},
x = {},
year = {2011}
}


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MOTORE: A mobile haptic interface for neuro-rehabilitation
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Satler Massimo, Cappiello Giovanni, Scoglio Andrea, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 20th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 383-388). ,2011 -- Cite this for citing the MOTORE haptic device
Abstract:The present paper introduces a novel type of haptic interface which is fully portable and employs only onboard sensors and electronics to solve accurate localization and force feedback generation. The device offers 2DOF force control while sliding on a plane and maintaining its orientation comfortable for the user. The device generates force feedback information without any intermediate link between the motion wheels and the grasping handle. The device has been designed for application in neuro-rehabilitation protocols and it adopts specific mechanical, electrical and control solutions in order to cope with patient requirements. The paper describes the mechanical and electronic solutions as well as the most relevant features of control implementation issues that were addressed in the system design.
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2011.6005238
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzano2011motore,
author = {Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Satler, Massimo and Cappiello, Giovanni and Scoglio, Andrea and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 20th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2011.6005238},
keyword = {star:,pid:CP11.13,Motore,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2011_C_ROMAN_Motore,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-80052986282,scopus:yes},
note = {Cite this for citing the MOTORE haptic device},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {383--388},
title = {MOTORE: A mobile haptic interface for neuro-rehabilitation},
year = {2011}
}


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Control of a desktop mobile haptic interface
Satler Massimo, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Ruffaldi Emanuele
World Haptics Conference (WHC). IEEE (pp. 415-420). ,2011
doi:10.1109/WHC.2011.5945522
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{satler2011control,
author = {Satler, Massimo and Avizzano, Carlo A and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {World Haptics Conference (WHC). IEEE},
doi = {10.1109/WHC.2011.5945522},
keyword = {pid:CP11.12,Motore,haptics,pdf:2011_C_WHCmotore},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {415--420},
title = {Control of a desktop mobile haptic interface},
year = {2011}
}


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A low-cost human locomotion speed recognition for augmented virtual environments exploration
Vela Nunez M, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Human System Interactions, HSI. The 4th IEEE International Conference on (pp. 136-143). ,2011
Abstract:This paper presents a novel and low-cost interface designed for real-time human locomotion speed recognition, which fits with the exploration of kinesthetic virtual environments (VE). According to the interface paradigm, the human locomotion recognition feeds VE navigation control. An experimental session has been organized in order to acquire acceleration data related to locomotion of 10 healthy subjects (men and women) aging between 23 and 35 years. A treadmill has been used to capture the velocity at which subjects were moving. Our system was designed to optimize classification performances in human locomotion speed recognition in real-time. The recognized human speed locomotion has been shown to enhance users' sensation of presence in the virtual environment. A simple scenario has been developed to assess the system functionality. The experiments carried out show that our system is excellent at classifying a wide range of human locomotion and can be used both in virtual and augmented reality (VR) environments for improved interaction.
doi:10.1109/HSI.2011.5937356
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{vela2011low,
author = {Vela Nunez, M and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Human System Interactions, HSI. The 4th IEEE International Conference on},
doi = {10.1109/HSI.2011.5937356},
keyword = {pid:CP11.11,motion,scopus:yes,pdf:2011_C_HSIwalk},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {136--143},
title = {A low-cost human locomotion speed recognition for augmented virtual environments exploration},
year = {2011}
}


Skill Modeling and Feedback Design for Training Rowing with Virtual Environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments (International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, AHFE) (pp. 832-841). CRC Press,2010
doi:10.1201/EBK1439834916-c83
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{Ruffaldi2010skillrowahfe,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele
and Filippeschi, Alessandro
and Avizzano, CarloAlberto
and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments (International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, AHFE)},
day = {23},
doi = {10.1201/EBK1439834916-c83},
isbn = {978-1-4398-3491-6},
keyword = {haptics,pdf:2010_C_AHFErow,skills,rowing,SPRINT,SKILLS},
month = {Jun},
pages = {832-841},
publisher = {CRC Press},
series = {Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series},
title = {Skill Modeling and Feedback Design for Training Rowing with Virtual Environments},
year = {2010}
}


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Digital Management and Representation of Perceptual Motor Skills
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics (International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, AHFE) (pp. 863-872). CRC Press,2010
doi:10.1201/EBK1439834916-c86
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzano2010ahfedr,
author = {Avizzano, CarloAlberto
and Ruffaldi, Emanuele
and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics (International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, AHFE)},
day = {23},
doi = {10.1201/EBK1439834916-c86},
isbn = {978-1-4398-3491-6},
keyword = {pdf:2010_C_AHFEdr,skills},
month = {Jun},
pages = {863-872},
publisher = {CRC Press},
series = {Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series},
title = {Digital Management and Representation of Perceptual Motor Skills},
year = {2010}
}


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Haptics Technologies in the Framework of Training Systems
Bergamasco Massimo, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics (International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, AHFE) (pp. 873-882). CRC Press,2010
doi:10.1201/EBK1439834916-c87
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{Bergamasco2010haphafe,
author = {Bergamasco, Massimo
and Avizzano, CarloAlberto
and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics (International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, AHFE)},
day = {23},
doi = {10.1201/EBK1439834916-c87},
isbn = {978-1-4398-3491-6},
keyword = {haptics,pdf:2010_C_AHFEhap,skills,SKILLS},
month = {Jun},
pages = {873-882},
publisher = {CRC Press},
series = {Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series},
title = {Haptics Technologies in the Framework of Training Systems},
year = {2010}
}


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A Measuring Tool for Accurate Haptic Modeling in Industrial Maintenance Training
Tripicchio Paolo, Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Tecchia Franco, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Haptics: Generating and Perceiving Tangible Sensations (EuroHaptics 2010) (pp. 377-384). Springer Berlin Heidelberg,2010
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14075-4_56
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tripicchio2010measuring,
author = {Tripicchio, Paolo and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Tecchia, Franco and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Haptics: Generating and Perceiving Tangible Sensations (EuroHaptics 2010)},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-14075-4_56},
editor = {Kappers, AstridM.L. and van Erp, JanB.F. and Bergmann Tiest, WouterM. and van der Helm, FransC.T.},
isbn = {978-3-642-14074-7},
keyword = {haptic modeling; ergonomics; sensing tool,scopus:yes,pid:CP10.9,haptics,pdf:2010_C_EHTool},
language = {English},
pages = {377-384},
publisher = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
title = {A Measuring Tool for Accurate Haptic Modeling in Industrial Maintenance Training},
volume = {6192},
year = {2010}
}


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A multimodal training platform for minimally invasive robotic surgery
Konietschke Rainer, Tobergte Andreas, Preusche Carsten, Tripicchio Paolo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Webel Sabine & Bockholt Uli
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 19th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 422-427). ,2010
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2010.5598608
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{konietschke2010multimodal,
author = {Konietschke, Rainer and Tobergte, Andreas and Preusche, Carsten and Tripicchio, Paolo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Webel, Sabine and Bockholt, Uli},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 19th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2010.5598608},
keyword = {pid:CP10.4,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2010_C_ROMANsur,SKILLS},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {422--427},
title = {A multimodal training platform for minimally invasive robotic surgery},
year = {2010}
}


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Effect of delay on dynamic targets tracking performance and behavior in virtual environment
Lippi Vittorio, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Mottet Denis & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 19th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 446 - 451). ,2010
Abstract:We analyze the impact of the delay between the sensors and the visualization on the performance at a catching task in virtual environment. Testers have been asked to interact with a virtual environment displayed on a 2D screen in front of them, catching, with the virtual hand, virtual balls falling from the top of the screen. Two thresholds have been inferred: a behavioral threshold delay beyond which the behavioral organization is sensibly affected and a performance threshold delay beyond which task performance begins to worsen. We found a drop in performance when the total delay is over 70-80 ms, yet without significant changes in the organization of successful catches. Although the presence of a threshold on behavior is still to be further investigated, these two thresholds give a practical indication for the design and the validation of virtual reality based training systems. This is especially important in the context of training human skills in virtual environment: in particular to assess the quality of a training platform simulating the three ball cascade juggling pattern.
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2010.5598607
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{lippi2010effect,
author = {Lippi, Vittorio and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Mottet, Denis and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 19th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2010.5598607},
isbn = {978-1-4244-7991-7},
issn = {1944-9445},
keyword = {pid:CP10.3,scopus:yes,pdf:2010_C_ROMANdelay},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {446 - 451},
title = {Effect of delay on dynamic targets tracking performance and behavior in virtual environment},
year = {2010}
}


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Human gait recognition for virtual environments exploration
Nunez MarinaVela, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 19th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 1-8). ,2010
Abstract:This paper presents a novel use of sensor sytem for human gait recognition evolution to be employed in virtual environments exploration. The system allows free human motion inside a virtual environment employing human gait recognition. Experimental sessions have been organized in order to acquire acceleration data related to walking and running of several subjects. We present an algorithm that recognizes a person gait in real-time. The recognized motion can be used to enhance the presence of the user in the virtual environment. A simple scenario has been developed to assess the system functionality. The experiments carried out show that our system is suitable to classify human motion, count steps and, moreover, can be used both in virtual and augmented reality (VR) environments for an improved interaction.
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2010.5654679
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{nunez2010human,
author = {Nunez, Marina Vela and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 19th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2010.5654679},
keyword = {pid:CP10.2,pdf:2010_C_ROMANhuman},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {1--8},
title = {Human gait recognition for virtual environments exploration},
year = {2010}
}


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Visualizing perspectives and trends in robotics based on patent mining
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Sani Elisabetta & Bergamasco Massimo
Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2010 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 4340-4347). ,2010
Abstract:Technological and fundamental developments in robotics can emerge from various sources like publications or international research plans. Among the various sources of analysis, patents results valuable in expressing the efforts performed both by companies and research institutions. This work takes the occasion of the fifty years of robotics for presenting an analysis and visualization of trends in robotics by means of patent mining. This work focuses, in particular, on the domains of rehabilitation and surgical robotics. The discussed methodology highlights the role of haptic interfaces in these fields and the relationships between relevant companies.
doi:10.1109/ROBOT.2010.5509648
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2010visualizing,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Sani, E. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2010 IEEE International Conference on},
doi = {10.1109/ROBOT.2010.5509648},
issn = {1050-4729},
keyword = {control engineering computing;data mining;medical robotics;patents;research and development;fundamental developments;haptic interfaces;international research plans;patent mining;publications;rehabilitation;surgical robotics;technological developments;Cognitive robotics;Information resources;Licenses;Parallel robots;Performance analysis;Protection;Rehabilitation robotics;Robotics and automation;Surgery;Visualization,pid:CP10.1,scopus:yes,pdf:2010_C_ICRA_303579},
month = {May},
pages = {4340-4347},
title = {Visualizing perspectives and trends in robotics based on patent mining},
year = {2010}
}


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Digital representation of skills for human-robot interaction
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 17th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 769-774). ,2009
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2009.5326295
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzano2009digital,
author = {Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 17th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2009.5326295},
keyword = {pid:CP9.12,scopus:yes,pdf:2009_C_ROMANDR,SKILLS},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {769--774},
title = {Digital representation of skills for human-robot interaction},
year = {2009}
}


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Bimanual Haptic-desktop platform for upper-limb post-stroke rehabilitation: Practical trials
Li S., Frisoli Antonio, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Lugo-villeda L.i. & Bergamasco Massimo
Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), 2009 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 480-485). ,2009
Abstract:This paper presents three haptic-based virtual applications for the undergoing rehabilitation of upper-limb post stroke patients. The three exercises are developed for their use on the multi-modal interface so-called Bimanual Haptic Desktop System (BHDS), which integrates the haptic functionalities and Video Display Terminal (VDT) within the work-plane of a desk. Firstly, two basic exercises, tracking task and lifting task, are carried out for the recovery of basic arm motion-coordination skills and steadiness of patients' upper-limb. Secondly, a video-game-like exercise, catching task, is developed to compare online the performance of healthy upper-limb with impaired ones wherein hand-eye coordination exercise of the patient is included. To this end, the proposed exercises provide to patients the potential methods to train their post-stroke upper-limbs malfunctions while reporting the quantitative parameters obtained to evaluate the improvement of patients recovery. Experimental results of a preliminary evaluation on healthy subjects are then reported and discussed to visualize in near future a pilot medical trials of the system on impaired people.
doi:10.1109/ROBIO.2009.5420694
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{li2009,
author = {Li, S. and Frisoli, A. and Avizzano, C.A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Lugo-Villeda, L.I. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), 2009 IEEE International Conference on},
doi = {10.1109/ROBIO.2009.5420694},
keyword = {biology computing;haptic interfaces;patient rehabilitation;virtual reality;arm motion-coordination skills;bimanual haptic desktop system;hand-eye coordination exercise;haptic-based virtual applications;multimodal interface;patient recovery;post-stroke upper-limbs malfunctions;robotic mediated rehabilitation devices;upper limb post stroke patient rehabilitation;video display terminal;Biomimetics;Displays;Haptic interfaces;Medical robotics;Medical treatment;Rehabilitation robotics;Robot kinematics;Tracking;Virtual reality;Visualization,pid:CP9.11,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2009_C_BIOdual,SKILLS},
month = {Dec},
pages = {480-485},
title = {Bimanual Haptic-desktop platform for upper-limb post-stroke rehabilitation: Practical trials},
year = {2009}
}


Haptic guidance of light-exoskeleton for arm-rehabilitation tasks
Lugo-villeda LuisIvan, Frisoli Antonio, Sandoval-gonzalez Oscar Osvaldo, Padilla MiguelA, Parra-vega Vicente, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 18th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 903-908). ,2009
Abstract:Fixed-Base Exoskeleton applications have increased rapidly in the last few years, evidently as part of promising rehabilitation robotic programs of the robotics worldwide community, where in particular Human-Robot-Interaction (HRI) plays an important role in its design and control because they are tightly coupled to human-limbs. Exoskeletons embrace HRI as well as technological and theoretical challenges towards real and effective rehabilitation. In this realm, some questions arise, to name a few, what is the relationship between the exchanged energy between human and exoskeleton? How can we assess rehabilitation factors under HRI philosophy? This paper attempts to establish answers to these questions, which can be embodied into rehabilitation HRI using a Light-Exoskeleton. A compliant haptic guidance scheme for human arm subject to minimum-jerk-trajectories criterion is proposed. Preliminary experimental results provide further insight of a haptic guidance scheme taking into account decisive factors into the HRI such as human pose, haptic guidance control, reaching and tracking tasks, the complexity of the virtual environment, and muscles activity.
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2009.5326057
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{lugo2009haptics,
author = {Lugo-Villeda, Luis Ivan and Frisoli, Antonio and Sandoval-Gonzalez, Oscar and Padilla, Miguel A and Parra-Vega, Vicente and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 18th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2009.5326057},
keyword = {star:,exos,pid:CP9.9,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2009_C_ROMANhaptics,SKILLS.ScopusEID:2-s2.0-72849107543,scopus:yes},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {903--908},
title = {Haptic guidance of light-exoskeleton for arm-rehabilitation tasks},
year = {2009}
}


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Integration of multimodal technologies for a rowing platform
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Sandoval-gonzalez Oscar Osvaldo, Filippeschi Alessandro, Tripicchio Paolo, Frisoli Antonio, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Mechatronics, ICM. The IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1-6). ,2009
Abstract:This paper presents the integration of multimodal technologies to measure and transmit different variables and stimuli involved in the human motion analysis, both for the training and for the transfer of users skills achieved by means of a mechatronic rowing platform. Although the mechanical design is the core of this project, this paper describes the integration and interaction of two multimodal systems (the human being and the rowing platform). These systems works together using different sensors and methodologies directly integrated to the human body to obtain detailed information related to the synchronization and correlation among the trajectories, proximal distance coupling, velocities, muscular activation and muscular force, transversal force in the oars and head position acquired through digital image processing and machine learning techniques. This information is evaluated and used in the rendering section through audio-tactile stimuli for the acceleration learning process.
doi:10.1109/ICMECH.2009.4957238
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2009integration,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Sandoval-Gonzalez, Oscar and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Tripicchio, Paolo and Frisoli, Antonio and Avizzano, Carlo and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Mechatronics, ICM. The IEEE International Conference on},
doi = {10.1109/ICMECH.2009.4957238},
keyword = {rowing,pid:CP9.6,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2009_C_INTrow,SKILLS},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {1--6},
title = {Integration of multimodal technologies for a rowing platform},
year = {2009}
}


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Vibrotactile perception assessment for a rowing training system
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro, Frisoli Antonio, Sandoval O., Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
World Haptics Conference IEEE (pp. 350-355). ,2009
Abstract:This paper presents a vibrotactile methodology for a rowing training system. Since hands' trajectories are fundamental in the rowing gesture, it is completely necessary to search and develop new technologies and techniques that can interact and help the user to perform a better movement. These methodologies must be as natural as possible in order to guarantee the transparency in the feedback of the system. Therefore this paper presents an analysis of visual, visual-tactile and tactile training strategies to understand the importance in the order and the period of time when each one is applied. Data analysis shows the importance of combining visual and tactile feedbacks to obtain the best results in the improvements of the user skills.
doi:10.1109/WHC.2009.4810849
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2009vibrotactile,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Filippeschi, A. and Frisoli, A. and Sandoval, O. and Avizzano, C.A. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {World Haptics Conference IEEE},
doi = {10.1109/WHC.2009.4810849},
keyword = {rowing,haptic interfaces;haptic;data analysis;rowing gesture;rowing training system;tactile training strategies;user skills;vibrotactile perception assessment;visual-tactile;Cities and towns;Data analysis;Feedback;Haptic interfaces;Humans;Skin;Teleoperators;Tendons;Vibrations;Virtual environment;H.5.2 [User interfaces]: Training, help, and documentation;I.2.6 [Learning]: Knowledge acquisition,pid:CP9.5,scopus:yes,pdf:2009_C_Vibrotactile_301400,SKILLS},
month = {March},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {350-355},
title = {Vibrotactile perception assessment for a rowing training system},
year = {2009}
}


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Control strategies and perception effects in co-located and large workspace dynamical encountered haptics
Tripicchio Paolo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
World Haptics Conference (WHC). IEEE (pp. 63-68). ,2009
Abstract:The present work focuses on perceptual control of haptic manipulation during high frequency interaction with mobile objects. In particular in this work we focused on the analysis of the control and perceptual issues in the throwing and catching in . A training multimodal system that exploits the concepts of co-located visuo-haptic feedback and encountered interfaces was implemented. Using such a system the user juggles with a number of virtual balls that are in contact with him from catch to throw. The control design of the system has been supported by a psychometric validation of the catch contact.
doi:10.1109/WHC.2009.4810838
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tripicchio2009control,
author = {Tripicchio, Paolo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {World Haptics Conference (WHC). IEEE},
doi = {10.1109/WHC.2009.4810838},
keyword = {pid:CP9.4,haptics,minor:,scopus:yes,pdf:2009_C_WHCjug_5426,GRAB},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {63--68},
title = {Control strategies and perception effects in co-located and large workspace dynamical encountered haptics},
year = {2009}
}


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Recognition of hand gestures tracked by a dataglove: Exploiting Hidden Markov Models discriminative training and environment description to improve recognition performance
Lippi Vittorio, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Artificial Neural Networks and Intelligent Information Processing - Proc. 5th Int. Workshop on Artificial Neural Networks and Intelligent Information Processing - ANNIIP 2009, held with ICINCO 2009 (pp. 33-42). ,2009
Abstract:Sequence classification based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) is widely employed in gesture recognition. Usually, HMMs are trained to recognize sequences by adapting their parameters through the Baum-Welch algorithm, based on Maximum Likelihood (ML). Several articles have pointed out that ML can lead to poor discriminative performances among gestures. This happens because ML is not optimal for this purpose until the modellized process is actually an HMM. In this paper we present a gesture recognition system featuring a discriminative training algorithm based on Maximal Mutual Information (MMI) and the integration of environment information. The environment is described through a set of fuzzy clauses, on the basis of which a priori probabilities are computed. Adaptive systems such as unsupervised neural networks are used to build a codebook of symbols representing the hands states. An experiment on a set of meaningful gestures performed during the interaction with a virtual environment is then used to evaluate the performance of this solution.
doi:10.5220/0002206800330042
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{Lippi200933,
author = {Lippi, V. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C.A. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {Artificial Neural Networks and Intelligent Information Processing - Proc. 5th Int. Workshop on Artificial Neural Networks and Intelligent Information Processing - ANNIIP 2009, held with ICINCO 2009},
documenttype = {Conference Paper},
doi = {10.5220/0002206800330042},
keyword = {pid:CP9.7,scopus:yes,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-74549214350,pdf:2009_C_ICINCOLippi},
pages = {33-42},
source = {Scopus},
title = {Recognition of hand gestures tracked by a dataglove: Exploiting Hidden Markov Models discriminative training and environment description to improve recognition performance},
year = {2009}
}


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Human forces in hands free interaction: a new paradigm for immersive virtual environments
Tripicchio Paolo, Sandoval-gonzalez Oscar Osvaldo, Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 18th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 1179-1185). ,2009
Abstract:A recent trend in virtual environments aims at making the user free of devices or limitations in its motion, at the benefit of immersiveness and interactivity. This work introduces an interaction paradigm that goes beyond motion based interaction, by making use of measured real forces exerted by the user in free space. The sensation of touch with virtual object is obtained by vibrotactile stimulation combining virtual contact information with measured forces. In this way the user has an additional dimension of interactivity at the benefit of immersivity, without incurring in the reduction of sense of presence introduced by grounded haptic interfaces. This paradigm is presented and discussed in particular in the context of a boxing training simulation, as one of the possible application scenarios.
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2009.5326318
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tripicchio2009human,
author = {Tripicchio, Paolo and Sandoval-Gonzalez, Oscar and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 18th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2009.5326318},
keyword = {pid:CP9.2,haptics,scopus:yes,pdf:2009_C_ROMANhands},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {1179--1185},
title = {Human forces in hands free interaction: a new paradigm for immersive virtual environments},
year = {2009}
}


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Design of information landscapes for cultural heritage content
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Evangelista Chiara, Neri Veronica, Carrozzino Marcello & Bergamasco Massimo
Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Digital Interactive Media in Entertainment and Arts ACM (pp. 113-119). ,2008 -- Cite this for our research on Information Landscapes
Abstract:The presentation of cultural heritage information is typically addressed with the use of web pages eventually integrated with specific visualization of 3d models that complete the textual information. The problem with this type of information is its extent, its complexity and the connection between the various concepts. This paper presents an Information Landscape system for the fruition of this type of information through a virtual environment, available both for desktop and immersive visualizations.
doi:10.1145/1413634.1413659
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2008design,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Evangelista, Chiara and Neri, Veronica and Carrozzino, Marcello and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Digital Interactive Media in Entertainment and Arts ACM},
doi = {10.1145/1413634.1413659},
keyword = {star:,VR,pid:CP8.11,scopus:yes,pdf:2008_C_IL_DIMEA08_nonprint,ScopusEID:2-s2.0-62849097034,scopus:yes},
note = {Cite this for our research on Information Landscapes},
organization = {ACM},
pages = {113--119},
title = {Design of information landscapes for cultural heritage content},
video = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeO0dNPymXQ},
year = {2008}
}


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Patent based analysis of Technology Maps for Innovation Management and Research Planning
Sani Elisabetta, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Towards new challenges for Innovative management practices N 2-Volume I (pp. 89-96). ,2008
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{sani2patent,
author = {Sani, E and Ruffaldi, E and Bergamasco, M},
booktitle = {Towards new challenges for Innovative management practices N 2-Volume I},
editor = {Jeremy Legardeur,Jorge Pinho de Sousa},
issn = {2100-0778},
keyword = {pid:CP8.10,patents,pdf:2008_C_ERIMA},
pages = {89-96},
title = {Patent based analysis of Technology Maps for Innovation Management and Research Planning}
}


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Virtual Laboratory: a virtual distributed platform to share and perform experiments
Tripicchio Paolo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Haptic interfaces for virtual environment and teleoperator systems, Haptics. Symposium on (pp. 311-318). ,2008
doi:10.1109/HAPTICS.2008.4479963
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tripicchio2008virtual,
author = {Tripicchio, Paolo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Haptic interfaces for virtual environment and teleoperator systems, Haptics. Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/HAPTICS.2008.4479963},
keyword = {pid:CP8.8,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2008_C_VirtualLab},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {311--318},
title = {Virtual Laboratory: a virtual distributed platform to share and perform experiments},
year = {2008}
}


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Surface perception in a large workspace encounter interface
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Tripicchio Paolo, Frisoli Antonio & Bergamasco Massimo
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 17th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 21-26). ,2008
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2008.4600637
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2008surface,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Tripicchio, Paolo and Frisoli, Antonio and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 17th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2008.4600637},
keyword = {pid:CP8.7,scopus:yes,haptics,pdf:2008_C_ROMANlarge,GRAB},
organization = {IEEE},
pages = {21--26},
title = {Surface perception in a large workspace encounter interface},
year = {2008}
}


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Real-Time Gesture Recognition, Evaluation and Feed-Forward Correction of a Multimodal Tai-Chi Platform
Portillo-Rodriguez Otniel, Sandoval-gonzalez Oscar Osvaldo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Leonardi Rosario, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Haptic and Audio Interaction Design (HAID 2008) (pp. 30-39). Springer Berlin Heidelberg,2008
Abstract:This paper presents a multimodal system capable to understand and correct in real-time the movements of Tai-Chi students through the integration of audio-visual-tactile technologies. This platform acts like a virtual teacher that transfers the knowledge of five Tai-Chi movements using feed-back stimuli to compensate the errors committed by a user during the performance of the gesture. The fundamental components of this multimodal interface are the gesture recognition system (using k-means clustering, Probabilistic Neural Networks (PNN) and Finite State Machines (FSM)) and the real-time descriptor of motion which is used to compute and qualify the actual movements performed by the student respect to the movements performed by the master, obtaining several feedbacks and compensating this movement in real-time varying audio-visualtactile parameters of different devices. The experiments of this multimodal platform have confirmed that the quality of the movements performed by the students is improved significantly.
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-87883-4_4
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{portillo2008real,
author = {Portillo-Rodriguez, Otniel and Sandoval-Gonzalez, OscarO. and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Leonardi, Rosario and Avizzano, CarloAlberto and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Haptic and Audio Interaction Design (HAID 2008)},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-87883-4_4},
editor = {Pirhonen, Antti and Brewster, Stephen},
isbn = {978-3-540-87882-7},
keyword = {star:,ML,Multimodal Interfaces; real-time 3D time-independent gesture recognition; real-time descriptor; vibrotactile feedback; audio-position feedback; Virtual Realty and Skills transfer,pid:CP8.6,pdf:2008_C_TAICHI},
language = {English},
pages = {30-39},
publisher = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
title = {Real-Time Gesture Recognition, Evaluation and Feed-Forward Correction of a Multimodal Tai-Chi Platform},
volume = {5270},
year = {2008}
}


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Development of a 3D real time gesture recognition methodology for virtual environment control
Portillo-Rodriguez Otniel, Sandoval-gonzalez Oscar Osvaldo, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Vercelli Davide & Bergamasco Massimo
Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 17th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 279-284). IEEE,2008
doi:10.1109/ROMAN.2008.4600679
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{portillo2008development,
author = {Portillo-Rodriguez, Otniel and Sandoval-Gonzalez, Oscar Osvaldo and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Vercelli, Davide and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN. The 17th IEEE International Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/ROMAN.2008.4600679},
keyword = {pid:CP8.5,scopus:yes,pdf:2008_C_ROMANmotion},
pages = {279--284},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Development of a 3D real time gesture recognition methodology for virtual environment control},
year = {2008}
}


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Preliminary Design of Rowing Simulator for In-door Skill Training
Frisoli Antonio, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Bagnoli Leonardo, Filippeschi Alessandro, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Vanni Federico & Bergamasco Massimo
Proceedings of the 2008 Ambi-Sys Workshop on Haptic User Interfaces in Ambient Media Systems (pp. 9:1-9:8). ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering),2008
doi:10.4108/ICST.AMBISYS2008.2911
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{Frisoli:2008:PDR:1413907.1413916,
acmid = {1413916},
address = {ICST, Brussels, Belgium, Belgium},
articleno = {9},
author = {Frisoli, Antonio and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bagnoli, Leonardo and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto and Vanni, Federico and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2008 Ambi-Sys Workshop on Haptic User Interfaces in Ambient Media Systems},
doi = {10.4108/ICST.AMBISYS2008.2911},
keyword = {haptics, rowing simulator, skill transfer,pid:CP8.3,haptics,pdf:2008_C_AMBISYSrow.pdf,SKILLS},
location = {Quebec City, Canada},
numpages = {8},
pages = {9:1--9:8},
publisher = {ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering)},
series = {HAS '08},
title = {Preliminary Design of Rowing Simulator for In-door Skill Training},
year = {2008}
}


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Voxel-Based Haptic Rendering Using Implicit Sphere Trees
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Morris Dan, Barbagli Federico, Salisbury Ken & Bergamasco Massimo
Haptic interfaces for virtual environment and teleoperator systems, 2008. haptics 2008. symposium on (pp. 319-325). ,2008
doi:10.1109/HAPTICS.2008.4479964
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2008voxel,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Morris, D. and Barbagli, F. and Salisbury, K. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {Haptic interfaces for virtual environment and teleoperator systems, 2008. haptics 2008. symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/HAPTICS.2008.4479964},
keyword = {haptic interfaces;haptic;rendering (computer graphics);solid modelling;tree data structures;virtual reality;collision detection;data structure;haptic interaction;implicit sphere trees;realistic environment;virtual objects;volumetric object representation;voxel-based haptic rendering;Computational efficiency;Computer graphics;Context modeling;Data structures;Haptic interfaces;Rendering (computer graphics);Solid modeling;Testing;Tree data structures;Virtual environment;H.5.2 [Information Interfaces and Presentation]: User Interfaces Haptic I/O;I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modeling Geometric algorithms, languages, and systems;collision detection;haptics;volumetric models,pid:CP8.9,scopus:yes,pdf:2008_C_Voxel_301304},
month = {March},
pages = {319-325},
title = {Voxel-Based Haptic Rendering Using Implicit Sphere Trees},
year = {2008}
}


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Designing an Enactive Interface for Virtual Prototyping: a Case Study
Boeck JoanDe, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Carrozzino Marcello, Raymaekers Chris, Coninx Karin & Bergamasco Massimo
4th International Conference on Enactive Interfaces (pp. 77-80). ,2007
Abstract:It may sound obvious that computer interfaces strive to adopt the same patterns of learning as we know from our daily world. In particular we refer to the enactive knowledge, acquired by doing, such as driving a car, or playing an instrument. However, even in highly interactive 3D virtual environment applications, the implementation of these enactive interfaces, is still not common. This paper shows how the adoptation of a hardware, and the use of high level interaction diagram may support the easier creation of such an interface.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{boeck07,
author = {Joan De Boeck and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Marcello Carrozzino and Chris Raymaekers and Karin Coninx and Massimo Bergamasco},
booktitle = {4th International Conference on Enactive Interfaces},
howpresented = {poster},
issn = {1958-5497},
keyword = {virtual prototyping,haptics,enactive,pid:CP7.6,pdf:2007_C_Enactive07VR},
month = {November},
pages = {77--80},
title = {Designing an Enactive Interface for Virtual Prototyping: a Case Study},
year = {2007}
}


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Business Model for Enactive Interfaces
Sani Elisabetta, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Faste Hakoon & Bergamasco Massimo
Proceedings of ENACTIVE/07. 4th International Conference on Enactive Interfaces (pp. 251-254). Acroe,2007
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{sani07,
author = {Elisabetta Sani and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Hakoon Faste and Massimo Bergamasco},
booktitle = {Proceedings of ENACTIVE/07. 4th International Conference on Enactive Interfaces},
issn = {1958-5497},
keyword = {business model,ENACTIVE,patents,pid:CP7.5,pdf:2007_C_Enactive07Bu},
month = {November},
owner = {skills},
pages = {251--254},
publisher = {Acroe},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {Business Model for Enactive Interfaces},
year = {2007}
}


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A Haptic toolkit for the development of immersive and Web enabled games
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Frisoli Antonio, Gottlieb Chris, Tecchia Franco & Bergamasco Massimo
ACM symposium on Virtual reality software and technology (VRST) (pp. 320-323). ,2006
Abstract:The creation of applications of Virtual Reality enabled with Haptic interaction and dynamic simulation requires usually to cover many implementation details that increase the development time and the effectiveness of the application itself. This work presents one game application that has been developed using a Haptic toolkit for the rapid application development, that integrates 3D graphics,haptic feedback and dynamic simulation.The resulting application can be easily deployed on the Web directly to the final user.
doi:10.1145/1180495.1180559
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi06toolkit,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Frisoli, Antonio and Gottlieb, Chris and Tecchia, Franco
and Bergamasco,Massimo},
booktitle = {ACM symposium on Virtual reality software and technology (VRST)},
doi = {10.1145/1180495.1180559},
keyword = {star:,haptics,web,hapticweb,pid:CP6.4,pdf:2006_C_hapticwebvrst_301362,GRAB},
organization = {ACM},
owner = {skills},
pages = {320--323},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {A Haptic toolkit for the development of immersive and Web enabled
games},
year = {2006}
}


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A Limit-Curve Based Soft Finger god-object Algorithm
Frisoli Antonio, Barbagli Federico, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Bergamasco Massimo & Salisbury Ken
Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems. The 14th IEEE Symposium on ,2006
Abstract:This paper presents a new soft-finger haptic rendering algorithm based on the concept of limit curve which was previously used by the robotic manipulation community to study sliding contacts. The algorithm is more general than the one presented by the same authors in a previous paper since it considers the effects of linear and rotational friction as coupled. However, the solution presented in this paper maintains some of the aspects of simplicity and compu tational efficiency that characterized the previously proposed solution. To conclude the paper we present a set of simulated interactions between a user and a simple virtual object through a haptic device which allows two point-contact interaction.
doi:10.1109/HAPTIC.2006.1627064
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{limitcurve06,
author = {Antonio Frisoli and Federico Barbagli and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Massimo Bergamasco and
Ken Salisbury},
booktitle = {Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems. The 14th IEEE Symposium on},
doi = {10.1109/HAPTIC.2006.1627064},
keyword = {star:,friction,grasping,rotational,haptics,pid:CP6.2,scopus:yes,GRAB,pdf:2006_C_LimitCurve_300321},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {A Limit-Curve Based Soft Finger god-object Algorithm},
year = {2006}
}


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Standardized Evaluation of Haptic Rendering Systems
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Morris Dan, Edmunds T., Barbagli Federico & Pai Dinesh
Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, 2006 14th Symposium on (pp. 225-232). ,2006
Abstract:The development and evaluation of haptic rendering algorithms presents two unique challenges. Firstly, the haptic information channel is fundamentally bidirectional, so the output of a haptic environment is fundamentally dependent on user input, which is difficult to reliably reproduce. Additionally, it is difficult to compare haptic results to real-world, gold standard results, since such a comparison requires applying identical inputs to real and virtual objects and measuring the resulting forces, which requires hardware that is not widely available. We have addressed these challenges by building and releasing several sets of position and force information, collected by physically scanning a set of real-world objects, along with virtual models of those objects. We demonstrate novel applications of this data set for the development, debugging, optimization, evaluation, and comparison of haptic rendering algorithms.
doi:10.1109/HAPTIC.2006.1627081
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{standardized06,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Morris, D. and Edmunds, T. and Barbagli, F. and Pai, D.K.},
booktitle = {Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, 2006 14th Symposium on},
codeurl = {https://www.techhouse.org/~dmorris/projects/haptic_data/},
doi = {10.1109/HAPTIC.2006.1627081},
keyword = {star:,evaluation;ground truth;haptics;Algorithm design and analysis;Chromium;Computer science;Debugging;Force measurement;Haptic interfaces;Hardware;Libraries;Rendering (computer graphics);User interfaces;evaluation;ground truth;haptics;pid:CP6.1,scopus:yes,pdf:2006_C_Standardized_301484},
month = {March},
pages = {225-232},
title = {Standardized Evaluation of Haptic Rendering Systems},
year = {2006}
}


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Fork-lift truck simulator for training in industrial environment
Bergamasco Massimo, Perotti S., Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Angerilli Micheal, Carrozzino Marcello & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA. The 10th IEEE International Conference on ,2005
Abstract:Since their first usage simulators have been employed in training staff in civil aeronautics and in military fields to improve driving skills without compromising safety of people and machines. The system proposed in this paper is suited to transfer this activity into the industrial field, in particular an innovative fork-lift simulator is presented. Actually most frequent causes of accident with fork-lifts are wrong manoeuvres accomplished by drivers. This simulator aims to improve skills in driving and handling materials using a fork-lift. The system can reply inertial feedback on the operator and allows the user to control all the tasks of a fork-lift as driving and handling materials. The paper presents an overall view of the system including Stewart platform, supporting structure, physical based model, wash-out filter, system architecture and a video system mounted on board of the moving platform
doi:10.1109/ETFA.2005.1612593
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{forklift05,
author = {Bergamasco,M. and Perotti, S. and Avizzano,C.A. and Angerilli,M.
and Carrozzino,M. and Ruffaldi,E.},
booktitle = {Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA. The 10th IEEE International Conference on},
doi = {10.1109/ETFA.2005.1612593},
keyword = {simulator,INDICA,pid:CP5.3,pdf:2005_C_ETFAfork},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.29},
title = {Fork-lift truck simulator for training in industrial environment},
year = {2005}
}


Explorative information spaces with the Virtual TeXt-o-Graphic Library (VTEXGL)
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
VR International in HCI ,2005
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi05,
author = {Ruffaldi,E. and Bergamasco,M.},
booktitle = {VR International in HCI},
keyword = {information landscape,VR,IL,pid:CP5.1},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.29},
title = {Explorative information spaces with the Virtual TeXt-o-Graphic Library
(VTEXGL)},
year = {2005}
}


Books (1)

Research on Future Media Internet
Future Media Internet Task Force
European Commission Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities,2009
doi:10.2759/11972
Bibtex:
@book{mediafuture,
address = {Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities},
author = {Future Media Internet Task Force},
doi = {10.2759/11972},
isbn = {978-92-79-12810-3},
keyword = {research project, information technology, virtual reality, applied research, interactive network, technological change, Internet, transmission network, information science},
publisher = {European Commission},
title = {Research on Future Media Internet},
year = {2009}
}


Chapters in Books (10)

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Haptics Rendering and Applications
Fontana Marco, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Salsedo Fabio & Bergamasco Massimo
Abdulmotaleb El Saddik (Eds.), Haptics Rendering and Applications (pp. 47-74).. : In-Tech,2012
doi:10.5772/25446
Bibtex:
@incollection{fontana2012integration,
author = {Fontana, M and Ruffaldi, E and Salsedo, F and Bergamasco, M},
chapter = {On the Integration of Tactile and Force Feedback},
doi = {10.5772/25446},
editor = {Abdulmotaleb El Saddik},
isbn = {978-953-307-897-7},
keyword = {pdf:2012_CH_Tactile_340001,haptics,HAPTEX},
pages = {47-74},
publisher = {In-Tech},
title = {Haptics Rendering and Applications},
year = {2012}
}


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Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro, Varlet Manuel, Hoffmann Charles & Bardy Benoit
(Eds.), Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments (pp. 173-186).. : CRC Press,2012
doi:10.1201/b12704-16
Bibtex:
@incollection{Ruffaldi2012designrow,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele
and Filippeschi, Alessandro
and Varlet, Manuel
and Hoffmann, Charles
and Bardy, Beno{\~A}?tG},
chapter = {Design and Evaluation of a Multimodal Virtual Reality Platform for Rowing Training},
day = {22},
doi = {10.1201/b12704-16},
isbn = {978-1-4398-7895-8},
keyword = {haptic,VR,rowing,SPRINT,SKILLS,pdf:2011_CH_RowChapter},
month = {Aug},
pages = {173-186},
publisher = {CRC Press},
series = {Human Factors and Ergonomics},
title = {Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments},
year = {2012}
}


Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele
(Eds.), Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments (pp. 155-170).. : CRC Press,2012
doi:10.1201/b12704-14
Bibtex:
@incollection{Ruffaldi2012skillsdr,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
chapter = {Data Management for Evaluation and Training in Virtual Environments},
day = {22},
doi = {10.1201/b12704-14},
isbn = {978-1-4398-7895-8},
keyword = {skills,SKILLS},
month = {Aug},
pages = {155-170},
publisher = {CRC Press},
series = {Human Factors and Ergonomics},
title = {Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments},
year = {2012}
}


Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Gosselin Florian, Gutierrez Teresa, Preusche Carsten, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Sanchez Emilio & Bergamasco Massimo
(Eds.), Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments (pp. 91-110).. : CRC Press,2012
doi:10.1201/b12704-10
Bibtex:
@incollection{Avizzano2012skillshap,
author = {Avizzano, CarloAlberto
and Gosselin, Florian
and Gutierrez, Teresa
and Preusche, Carsten
and Ruffaldi, Emanuele
and Sanchez, Emilio
and Bergamasco, Massimo},
chapter = {Haptic Interfaces for Skills Training},
day = {22},
doi = {10.1201/b12704-10},
isbn = {978-1-4398-7895-8},
keyword = {haptic,skills,SKILLS},
month = {Aug},
pages = {91-110},
publisher = {CRC Press},
series = {Human Factors and Ergonomics},
title = {Skill Training in Multimodal Virtual Environments},
year = {2012}
}


Handbook on Business Information Systems
Sani Elisabetta, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
(Eds.), Handbook on Business Information Systems (pp. 487-514).. : ,2010
Abstract:Innovation management and research direction planning are challenged by the understanding of the technology space in which a research entity is placed. In order to succeed in the market, a given institution has to understand the relationships of its patent portfolio with the respect to competitors. Patent databases provide useful information for exploring a given technology area, but only when such details are being properly analyzed are they able to provide fruitful insights. The approach of technology trajectories can be extended toward a more intuitive technology map. This work presents an interactive approach to the exploration of technology space based on patents. Patents are analyzed using citation graphs, integrated with textual analysis. The technology map presents the technology topics on a landscape displaying the patent density, and the main actors in the area. The map is interactively displayed allowing the user to focus on specific patents or companies. Finally, a specific case study is provided presenting the application of this approach focusing on the area of medical, and virtual reality devices
doi:10.1142/9789812836069_0020
Bibtex:
@incollection{esanihandbook2010,
author = {Sani, Elisabetta and Ruffaldi,Emanuele and Bergamasco,Massimo},
chapter = {Interactive Technology Maps for Strategic Planning and Research Directions Based on Textual and Citation Analysis of Patents},
doi = {10.1142/9789812836069_0020},
isbn = {978-981-283-605-2},
keyword = {Research directions;patents; technology trajectory; technology landscape; citation analysis; visualization},
pages = {487-514},
title = {Handbook on Business Information Systems},
year = {2010}
}


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Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Fredric Danion and Mark Latash (Eds.), Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications (pp. 314-346).. : Oxford University Press,2010
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0014
Bibtex:
@incollection{avizzano2010training,
author = {Avizzano, Carlo A and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
chapter = {Training Skills with Virtual Environments},
doi = {10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0014},
editor = {Fredric Danion and Mark Latash},
isbn = {978-0195-395-273},
keyword = {virtual environments, simulators,scopus:yes, training, integrated methodology,haptics,pdf:2010_CH_MotorControl},
pages = {314--346},
publisher = {Oxford University Press},
title = {Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications},
year = {2010}
}


Human-Robot Interaction
Portillo-Rodriguez Otniel, Sandoval-gonzalez Oscar Osvaldo, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Abdulmotaleb El Saddik (Eds.), Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 225-246).. : ,2010
doi:10.5772/8142
Bibtex:
@incollection{portillo2010capture,
author = {Portillo-Rodriguez ,Otniel and Sandoval-Gonzalez,Oscar O. and Avizzano, Carlo and Ruffaldi ,Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
chapter = {Capturing and Training Motor Skills},
doi = {10.5772/8142},
editor = {Abdulmotaleb El Saddik},
isbn = {9789533070513},
keyword = {pdf:2010_CH_Portillo,haptics},
pages = {225-246},
title = {Human-Robot Interaction},
year = {2010}
}


Virtual Reality, Applications and Tools for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems
Frisoli Antonio, Bergamasco Massimo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Talaba Doru & Admitis Angelos
Doru Talaba,Angelos Amditis (Eds.), Virtual Reality, Applications and Tools for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (pp. 145-168).. : Springer,2008
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8200-9_7
Bibtex:
@incollection{frisolichhaptic,
author = {Antonio Frisoli and Massimo Bergamasco and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Doru Talaba and Angelos Admitis},
chapter = {Haptic Systems: Advanced Haptic Systems for Virtual Reality},
doi = {10.1007/978-1-4020-8200-9_7},
editor = {Doru Talaba,Angelos Amditis},
isbn = {978-1-4020-8199-6},
keyword = {haptics,VR},
pages = {145-168},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {Virtual Reality, Applications and Tools for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems},
volume = {1},
year = {2008}
}


Product Engineering
Frisoli Antonio, Bergamasco Massimo & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Talaba, Doru and Amditis, Angelos (Eds.), Product Engineering (pp. 145-168).. : Springer Netherlands,2008
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8200-9_7
Bibtex:
@incollection{frisolitalaba2008,
author = {Frisoli, Antonio and Bergamasco, Massimo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
chapter = {Advanced Haptic Systems for Virtual Reality},
doi = {10.1007/978-1-4020-8200-9_7},
editor = {Talaba, Doru and Amditis, Angelos},
isbn = {978-1-4020-8199-6},
keyword = {pid:C4,haptics},
pages = {145-168},
publisher = {Springer Netherlands},
title = {Product Engineering},
year = {2008}
}


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Multi-point Interaction with Real and Virtual Objects
Frisoli Antonio, Bergamasco Massimo, Wu Suel. & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Barbagli, Federico and Prattichizzo, Domenico and Salisbury, Kenneth (Eds.), Multi-point Interaction with Real and Virtual Objects (pp. 177-188).. : Springer Berlin Heidelberg,2005
doi:10.1007/11429555_11
Bibtex:
@incollection{frisoli200511,
author = {Frisoli, Antonio and Bergamasco, Massimo and Wu, SueL. and Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
chapter = {Evaluation of Multipoint Contact Interfaces in Haptic Perception of Shapes},
doi = {10.1007/11429555_11},
editor = {Barbagli, Federico and Prattichizzo, Domenico and Salisbury, Kenneth},
isbn = {978-3-540-26036-3},
keyword = {start:,scopus:yes,pid:C1,pdf:2005_CH_Multipoint_300909,haptics,GRAB},
language = {English},
pages = {177-188},
publisher = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
series = {Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics},
title = {Multi-point Interaction with Real and Virtual Objects},
volume = {18},
year = {2005}
}


Patents (1)

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Haptic system and device for man-machine interaction
Scoglio Andrea, Cappiello Giovanni, Curto Zoran, Rossi Fabio, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Satler Massimo & Ruffaldi Emanuele
WO2012114274 (A3), IT1406207 (B1),2012
Abstract:A haptic device (100) configured to be used as man-machine interface for interactions in virtual and/or real places, tele-operation and rehabilitation assisted by robot comprises a mobile unit (1) configured to be interfaced with at least one user (3), a control unit (4) associated with the mobile unit (1) and a feeding unit (10). In particular, the mobile unit (1) comprises at least three wheels (13) rotationally spaced from each other; each wheels (13) comprises a rotation axis (13') and has a wheel motor unit (11) independent, such that each wheel motor unit (11) allows the rotation of each wheel (13) about the respective rotation axis (13') in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis (13'). In addition, each wheel (13) has sliding means (21) in a direction transversal to the rotation support plane, such that the mobile unit (1) can follow any trajectory. In particular, the sliding means comprises a plurality of rollers (21) arranged adjacent to each other on a same row. This way, each wheel (13) can carry out a "leeway motion" transversally to each wheel rotation plane by the resulting rolling applied by the respective motor units (11) to the other wheels (13). In particular, in case of three wheels (13) of the mobile unit (1), if a first wheel it has not momentarily a rolling movement, giving to the other two wheels (13) an identical rolling speed, is obtained a translating the first wheel orthogonally to each wheel rotation plane i.e. parallel to its own rotation axis (13'). Giving instead different speeds to the other two wheels (13), it is possible to obtain a movement in a direction oblique with respect to the rotation plane of the first wheel.
Bibtex:
@misc{patmo,
author = {Scoglio, Andrea and Cappiello, Giovanni and Curto, Zoran and Rossi, Andrea and Avizzano,Carlo Alberto and Satler,Massimo and Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
day = {20},
dayfiled = {21},
howpublished = {patent},
ipcclass = {G06F3/01},
keyword = {haptics,pdf:2012_PA_MOTORE,Motore},
location = {WO},
month = {12},
monthfiled = {02},
number = {WO2012114274 (A3), IT1406207 (B1)},
owner = {Humanware srl,IT},
patenttype = {Application},
title = {Haptic system and device for man-machine interaction},
version = {},
year = {2012},
yearfiled = {2012}
}


Proceedings of Events (2)

Proceedings of the 19th IEEE Robot-Human Communication Conference, RO-MAN
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Carrozzino Marcello, Fontana Marco & Bergamasco Massimo
IEEE,2010
Bibtex:
@proceedings{avizzanoroman10,
author = {Avizzano, C. A. and Ruffaldi, E and Carrozzino, M. and Fontana, M. and Bergamasco, M.},
isbn = {9781424479894},
keyword = {scopus:yes},
location = {Viareggio,IT},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {Proceedings of the 19th IEEE Robot-Human Communication Conference, RO-MAN},
year = {2010}
}


Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Enactive Interfaces
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Fontana Marco
Edizioni ETS,2008
Bibtex:
@proceedings{ruffaldienactive08,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Fontana, M.},
isbn = {978-884-672-2522},
keyword = {ENACTIVE,pdf:2008_PRO_ENACTIVE08},
location = {Pisa,IT},
publisher = {Edizioni ETS},
title = {Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Enactive Interfaces},
year = {2008}
}


Posters and Presentations in Workshops (31)

Energy harvesting from a backpack with an auxetic dielectric elastomer generator
Bassani Giulia, Jean-mistral C. & Ruffaldi Emanuele
7th international conference on Electromechanically Active Polymer (EAP) transducers and artificial muscles. : ,2017
Abstract:The focus of this research is to develop a Dielectric Elastomer Generator (DEG) able to harvest energy from the stretch of the backpack straps without providing additional load as the present energy harvesting systems mostly do. After having proved that the mechanical energy available in the backpack straps is high enough to scavenge significant power (stretch 45% for 11Kg), different mechanical DEG configurations have been compared in term of energy output in order to evaluate which one allows to optimally exploit the stretch of the backpack straps during walking. Auxetic frames, converting the uniaxial stretch in a biaxial deformation of the DEG, have been proved to significantly increase the DEG performance (26.8uW at 1kV). A silicone based DEG with compliant electrodes has been fabricated and characterized. The use of the same matrix for all the DEG layers and rubber electrodes enables a great structural stability that allows the integration of such generators into real systems. The mechanical behaviour has been determined with stress-strain measurements performed on a uniaxial testing machine aided by a video extensometer inferring a maximal deformation of 73% and low viscous losses. The electrical behaviour has been evaluated performing dielectric spectroscopy over a frequency range of 10-1 to 105 Hz at 23C. In the range typical of human motions (1-2Hz), the dielectric permittivity is slightly decreased and the loss tangent is halved comparing to the reference values.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{EuroEAP17,
author = {Bassani, G and Jean-Mistral, C. and Ruffaldi , E.},
booktitle = {7th international conference on
Electromechanically Active Polymer (EAP)
transducers and artificial muscles},
city = {Cartagena,Spain},
day = {6-7},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {harvesting},
month = {June},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Energy harvesting from a backpack with an auxetic dielectric
elastomer generator},
year = {2017}
}


Development of an auxetic frame for scavenging human kinetic energy
Bassani Giulia, Jean-mistral C. & Ruffaldi Emanuele
Journees Nationales sur la Recuperation et le Stockage d'Energie. : ,2017
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{JNRSE2017,
author = {Bassani, G and Jean-Mistral, C. and Ruffaldi , E.},
booktitle = {Journees Nationales sur la Recuperation et le Stockage d'Energie},
city = {Lyon,France},
day = {9-10},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {harvesting},
month = {May},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Development of an auxetic frame for scavenging human kinetic energy},
year = {2017}
}


Inference of differences in neural control strategies from attractor reconstruction of dynamic fingertip forces
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Lawrence E., Ruffaldi Emanuele & Cuevas V.
27th Annual Meeting of the Neural Control of Movement. : ,2017
Abstract:Manipulating deformable and unstable objects exhibits time-varying fingertip forces. While some of that variability can be attributed to muscle physiology, it also provides a window into understanding the neural control of dexterous manipulation. In particular, the Strength-Dexterity (SD) test requires low-magnitude and time-varying fingertip forces (<3 N) to sustain the compression a compliant and slender spring prone to buckling. Moreover, the mean and standard deviation of force variability during those sustained compressions can be used to quantify the integrity of the sensorimotor system. Here we extend that work by using attractor reconstruction techniques to infer the properties of the underlying neural control strategies. We use delayed-embedding to reconstruct the phase portraits of fingertip force time series data during the SD test. We tested 30 participants with the published Strength-Dexterity test: 10 young adults (6F, 4M, 24.11.2yrs), 10 older adults (5F, 5M, 65.26.7yrs), and 10 older adults diagnosed with Parkinson?s disease (PD) (6F, 4M, 68.18.9yrs). Once we reconstructed the attractors, we use several features characterize the spatial properties of the phase portrait. Each feature provides a quantitative index of the geometric properties of the reconstructed attractors, characterizing information of perimeter, area and volume or their combination. Compared to the phase portraits of young adults, those of older adults exhibit a greater number of distant points (p=0.028). Those of participants with PD have larger interquartile ranges (p=0.0013), larger trajectory lengths (p=0.0046) and a wider, less spherical convex hull (p=0.0035) compared to those of healthy older adults. The increase in the size of the phase portraits with healthy aging suggests a change in the dynamical properties of the system, which may represent a weakening of the neural stabilizing action. In contrast, the distortion of the attractor in PD suggests a fundamental change in the underlying biological system, and a disruption of the neural control strategy. We present a novel characterization of nonlinear behavior during dexterous manipulation at the edge of instability. This allows the quantification and disambiguation of the effects on neural control strategies due to aging and pathological conditions. This ability to detect differences in the biological mechanisms of dexterity in healthy and pathological aging provides a simple means to assess their neurodegenerative conditions-driven disruption and justifies further studies to understand the link with the physiological changes. Accepted by PLOS One, February 2017. Statement of Disclosures of Conflict of Interest: FV-C holds US Pat. No. 6,537,075 on some technology used, commercialized by Neuromuscular Dynamics, LLC.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ncm17,
author = {Peppoloni, L., and Lawrence, E. and Ruffaldi, E. and Cuevas, V.},
booktitle = {27th Annual Meeting of the Neural Control of Movement},
city = {Dublin,Ireland},
howpresented = {poster},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Inference of differences in neural control strategies from attractor reconstruction of dynamic fingertip forces},
year = {2017}
}


Preliminary usability assessment for a novel robotic interface for remote Doppler-echocardiography
Filippeschi Alessandro & Others
European Society of Cardiology Congress. : ,2016
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{filippeschiesc,
author = {Alessandro Filippeschi and others},
booktitle = {European Society of Cardiology Congress},
city = {Rome,Italy},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {ultrasonogrphy,REMEDI,pdf:2016_P_Filippeschi},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Preliminary usability assessment for a novel robotic interface for remote Doppler-echocardiography},
year = {2016}
}


The strength dexterity test quantifies age-related differences in the sensorimotor control dynamics
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Valero-cuevas FranciscoJ.
Neuromechanics. : ,2016
Abstract:he ability to dynamically regulate instabilities with the fingertips is essential to dexterous manipulation. The StrengthDexterity (SD) test consists in compressing a slender and compliant spring prone to buckling. The maximal level of compression (< 300 gf) provides a window into the integrity of the neuromuscular mechanisms for dynamic manipulation. We present a cross-sectional comparison of force variability during the SD test across ten healthy young (6F, 4M, 24.11.2yrs) and ten healthy elderly (5F, 5M, 65.26.7yrs) participants. Force variability during the three best hold phases characterizes voluntary fluctuations in the lower frequency band (<4Hz, LF), and involuntary fluctuations such as tremor in the higher frequency band (4-12Hz, HF). We tested for nonlinear phenomena using the nonlinear cross prediction (NLCP) in each frequency band, in addition to simple standard deviation. The NLCP test detected nonlinear dynamics in both bands in young and older subjects. These findings confirm that the SD test induces a bifurcation of the neuromuscular system at the edge of instability [Venkadesan et al., 2007]. This justified using Sample Entropy to estimate differences in the nonlinear behavior at each frequency. Interestingly, Sample Entropy was significantly higher in the elderly group compared with the young group for HF (p<0.05). But, there was no age effects for LF nor standard deviation in either frequency band (p>0.05). The increase in short-latency (i.e., HF) unpredictability likely reflects changes in the nonlinear behavior/controller that are a result of the individualor compoundedeffects of age. These include increase of endogenous sensorimotor noise, changes in muscle recruitment/rate coding, increased delays, or even structural changes in the short latency (subcortical or spinal?) neural controller. Sherback et al. [PLoS CB 2010] suggested this for visuo-motor perturbation rejection, but we now see it in a clinically-practical spring compression task.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{peppolonineuromechanics16,
author = {Peppoloni, Lorenzo and Ruffaldi,Emanuele and Valero-Cuevas,Francisco J.},
booktitle = {Neuromechanics},
city = {Heidelberg,Germany},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {neuromechanics,non linear},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {The strength dexterity test quantifies age-related differences in the sensorimotor control dynamics},
year = {2016}
}


Future Challenges: Designing ICT Prizes for Europe
Ruffaldi Emanuele
IROS Workshop on Robot Competitions: What did we learn?. : ,2015
Abstract:Through the Horizon 2020 programme for research and innovation, the European Commission is already pioneering the first five Horizon Prizes, offering a total of 6 million to successful entrants. This research initiative is focused on investigating new proposals for the next generation of Horizon prizes in ICT. The 14 month project combines analysis of the market amenabilities for each prize with desk research into cutting edge technologies, expert interviews and a series of workshops to validate research findings. In this talk we are now analysing the potential for large-scale EU prizes and competitions in robotics. To help us test the possibilities for such a prize, and define the focus more closely, we are beginning a process of expert engagement with robotics experts across the EU.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2015iros,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {IROS Workshop on Robot Competitions: What did we learn?},
city = {Hamburg,Germany},
keyword = {ICTIP,challenges,pdf:2015_W_ICTIPIROS},
mtype = {workshop},
organizers = {Dias,Jorge and Althoefer,Kaspar and Lima,Pedro},
title = {Future Challenges: Designing ICT Prizes for Europe},
year = {2015}
}


Reconstruction and Analysis in the ERGANE system
Ruffaldi Emanuele
ERGANE Final Workshop. : ,2015
Abstract:Based on the pathologies identified in the initial phase of the ERGANE project, it ha sbeen decided to focus on the upper limb. The first element of interest is the arm kinematics obtained from the inertial measures through Unscented Kalman Filter. The chosen method provides an overall reconstruction of motion that allows to directly support the kinematic constraints and it can provide a probabilistic estimates of the joints. Such reconstruction requires a simple calibration procedure in which predefined motions allow the automatic identification of the position and orientation of the sensors on the arm and forearm. In the experimental phase the system has been validated analyzing the power of the sygnal relating it to the MVC. The talk presented the reconstruction techniques developed, with a focus on a checkout operation in a market. Then an experimenal comparison of observational techniques and the proposed mthod will be discussed
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2015ergane,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {ERGANE Final Workshop},
city = {Pisa,Italy},
keyword = {ERGANE,motion,ergonomics,biomechanics},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Reconstruction and Analysis in the ERGANE system},
year = {2015}
}


Aggressive-neutral-gentle: looking through the style of action
Di Cesare Giuseppe, Di Dio C. & Ruffaldi Emanuele
9th FENS Forum of Neuroscience. : ,2014
Abstract:Important information about others behavior is carried out by the dynamics of the observed action. Action dynamics describes the vitality form of an action, that is the cognitive and/or affective relations between the performing agent and the recipient. Here, using the fMRI technique, we assessed the neural correlates of vitality forms with two different experiments (Exp1 and Exp2). In both experiments we presented to the participants videos showing two actors executing a series of actions. The actions were carried out with different vitality forms: energetic or gentle (Exp1), aggressive, neutral, gentle (Exp2). In Exp1, the participants were asked to perform two tasks. In one task (what), they had to focus on the goal of the presented action; in the other task (how), they had to focus on the vitality forms. In Exp2, the participants were asked to perform two tasks, in one task (vitality) they had to focus on the vitality forms of the observed action, in the other task (velocity) they had to focus on the velocity of the observed action. In both experiments, activations were found in visual areas and in the action observation/execution circuit. Most interestingly, in Exp1, the contrast how vs. what revealed activation in dorso-central insula bilaterally (kinematic somatosensory coding). Differently, in Exp2, the contrast vitality vs. velocity revealed activation in left anterior ventral insula (emotional coding). These data suggest that the processing of distinctive aspects of vitality forms involves different parts of insula allowing the observer to understand the kinematic and emotional properties intrinsic to action observation.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{cesare1,
author = {Di Cesare,G. and Di Dio, C. and Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {9th FENS Forum of Neuroscience},
city = {Milan,Italy},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {neuroscience,pdf:2015_P_Vitality,mirror neurons},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Aggressive-neutral-gentle: looking through the style of action},
year = {2014}
}


Sensor fusion for complex articulated body tracking applied in rowing
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
ICRA Workshop on Latest Advances on Natural Motion Understanding and Human Motion Synthesis. : ,2014
Bibtex:
@misc{peppoloniicra14,
author = {Peppoloni ,L. and Filippeschi ,A. and Ruffaldi ,E.},
booktitle = {ICRA Workshop on Latest Advances on Natural Motion Understanding and Human Motion Synthesis},
bookurl = {http://stanford.edu/~emeld/ICRA14/},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {sensor fusion,motion,imu,ERGANE,pdf:2014_W_ICRA},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Sensor fusion for complex articulated body tracking applied in rowing},
year = {2014}
}


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Towards a Remote Medical Diagnostician for Medical Examination
Angelika Peer, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Others
Medicine Meets Virtual Reality MMVR. : ,2014 -- Best Poster Award
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{peer14,
author = {Peer Angelika and Emanuele Ruffaldi and others},
booktitle = {Medicine Meets Virtual Reality MMVR},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {type:poster,ReMeDi,award:Best Poster Award,haptics,pdf:2014_P_REMEDI},
mtype = {workshop},
note = {Best Poster Award},
title = {Towards a Remote Medical Diagnostician for Medical Examination},
year = {2014}
}


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ALEx,a new exoskeleton for power assist and motor learning
Lenzo Basilio, Filippeschi Alessandro, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Frisoli Antonio, Salsedo Fabio & Bergamasco Massimo
International Workshop on Wearable Robotics. : ,2014
Bibtex:
@misc{webrob14,
author = {Basilio Lenzo and Alessandro Filippeschi and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Antonio Frisoli and Fabio Salsedo and Massimo Bergamasco},
booktitle = {International Workshop on Wearable Robotics},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {pid:PO14.1,haptics,VR,pdf:2014_P_WeRobBa},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {ALEx,a new exoskeleton for power assist and motor learning},
year = {2014}
}


Motion Tracking for portable biomechanic measures
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Filippeschi Alessandro & Ruffaldi Emanuele
ICRA Workshop on Computational Techniques in Natural Motion Analysis and Reconstruction. : ,2013
Bibtex:
@misc{peppoloniicra13,
author = {Peppoloni ,L. and Filippeschi, A. and Ruffaldi ,E.},
booktitle = {ICRA Workshop on Computational Techniques in Natural Motion Analysis and Reconstruction},
bookurl = {http://stanford.edu/~emeld/ICRA13/},
howpresented = {poster},
keyword = {pdf:2013_W_ICRA,motion,imu,biomechanics,ERGANE},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Motion Tracking for portable biomechanic measures},
video = {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tRuBEuOvAdk&list=PL_F6LbHqmnTK3xkotRAIlbQHf4kjtz-iU&index=11},
year = {2013}
}


Visualization of Trends in Rehabilitation Robotics based on Patent mining
Sani Elisabetta, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
1st International Symposium on Neurorehabilitation: From Basics to Future. Valencia,ES: ,2009
Bibtex:
@misc{vanni1,
author = {Sani, E. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C. A. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {1st International Symposium on Neurorehabilitation: From Basics to Future},
keyword = {rehabilitation,patents},
location = {Valencia,ES},
mtype = {workshop},
pages = {26},
title = {Visualization of Trends in Rehabilitation Robotics based on Patent mining},
year = {2009}
}


Large-scale spatial encoding during direct and mediated virtual rowing
Vanni Federico, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
1st International Symposium on Neurorehabilitation: From Basics to Future. Valencia,ES: ,2009
Bibtex:
@misc{vanni1,
author = {Vanni, F. and Ruffaldi, E. and Avizzano, C. A. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {1st International Symposium on Neurorehabilitation: From Basics to Future},
keyword = {SKILLS,rowing},
location = {Valencia,ES},
mtype = {workshop},
pages = {62},
title = {Large-scale spatial encoding during direct and mediated virtual rowing},
year = {2009}
}


Web Dissemination of Cultural Content through Information Landscapes
Carrozzino Marcello, Evangelista Chiara, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Neri Veronica & Bergamasco Massimo
Multimodal interaction for the Web. : Toronto: Archives and Museum Informatics,2009
Abstract:In this paper we present the philosophy underlying the application of the Information Landscapes concept to the dissemination of cultural content, the tools which compose the authoring framework we have set up, and a selected set of case studies which illustrate the potentialities of such a means to distribute knowledge over the Web. The case studies are discussed on the basis of design, usability and educational considerations.
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{carrozzino2009museum,
author = {Carrozzino, Marcello and Evangelista, Chiara and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Neri,Veronica and Bergamasco , Massimo},
booktitle = {Multimodal interaction for the Web},
editor = {J. Trant and D. Bearman},
keyword = {IL,VR,information landscapes, virtual environments, 3D Web, interaction, immersion},
month = {April},
mtype = {workshop},
publisher = {Toronto: Archives and Museum Informatics},
title = {Web Dissemination of Cultural Content through Information Landscapes},
year = {2009}
}


Cognitive Cooperation in Virtual Reality
Tripicchio Paolo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Avizzano Carlo Alberto & Bergamasco Massimo
Enactive Conference. : ,2008
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tripicchio08,
author = {Tripicchio, Paolo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Avizzano, Carlo and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Enactive Conference},
keyword = {VR},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Cognitive Cooperation in Virtual Reality},
year = {2008}
}


Semantic analysis and data storage of skills
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Proceedings of IDMME - Virtual Concept 2008. : ,2008
Bibtex:
@misc{idmme2008dr,
author = {Avizzano,Carlo Alberto and Ruffaldi , Emanuele and Bergamasco, Massimo},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IDMME - Virtual Concept 2008},
city = {Beijing, China},
keyword = {pdf:2008_C_IDMMEdr,SKILLS},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Semantic analysis and data storage of skills},
year = {2008}
}


INTRODUCTION TO THE SKILLS PROJECT AND ITS THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
Bardy Benoit, Mottet D., Gopher Daniel, Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Sanchez E. & Bergamasco Massimo
Proceedings of IDMME - Virtual Concept 2008. : ,2008
Bibtex:
@misc{idmme2008intro,
author = {Bardy,B. and Mottet ,D. and Gopher ,D. and Avizzano, C.A. and Ruffaldi, E. and Sanchez, E. and Bergamasco ,M.},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IDMME - Virtual Concept 2008},
city = {Beijing, China},
keyword = {pdf:2008_C_IDMMEintro,SKILLS},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {INTRODUCTION TO THE SKILLS PROJECT AND ITS THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK},
year = {2008}
}


A sensorimotor study of the control of perception during impact with encountered haptics
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Frisoli Antonio, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Tripicchio Paolo & Bergamasco Massimo
SIDRA. : ,2008
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzano08,
author = {Avizzano, C. A. and Frisoli, A. and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Tripicchio, P. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {SIDRA},
keyword = {pid:CP8.2,haptics},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {A sensorimotor study of the control of perception during impact with encountered haptics},
year = {2008}
}


Dynamic interaction with an Encountered Haptic Interface
Avizzano Carlo Alberto, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Tripicchio Paolo & Bergamasco Massimo
MITH 2008. : ,2008
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{avizzano08,
author = {Avizzano, C. A. and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Tripicchio, P. and Bergamasco, M.},
booktitle = {MITH 2008},
keyword = {pid:CP8.1,haptics},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {Dynamic interaction with an Encountered Haptic Interface},
year = {2008}
}


A dynamically reconfigurable stereoscopic/panoramic vision mobile robot head controlled from a virtual environment
Aprile Walter, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Sotgiu Edoardo, Frisoli Antonio & Bergamasco Massimo
4th International INTUITION Conference. : ,2007
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{aprile07stereo,
author = {Walter Aprile and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Edoardo Sotgiu and Antonio Frisoli and Massimo Bergamasco},
booktitle = {4th International INTUITION Conference},
keyword = {mobile robot,panovision,pid:CP7.3},
month = {October},
mtype = {workshop},
title = {A dynamically reconfigurable stereoscopic/panoramic vision mobile robot head controlled from a virtual environment},
year = {2007}
}


Managing and displaying user track data with Python
Aprile Walter, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Frisoli Antonio & Bergamasco Massimo
EuroPython 2007 Conference, Vilnus. : ,2007
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{aprile07py,
author = {Walter Aprile and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Antonio Frisoli and Massimo Bergamasco},
booktitle = {EuroPython 2007 Conference, Vilnus},
howpresented = {talk},
keyword = {scripting,python,scientific data,pid:CP7.2},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
title = {Managing and displaying user track data with Python},
year = {2007}
}


Museum on the Web 2007: Proceedings
Tecchia Franco, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Carrozzino Marcello, Frisoli Antonio & Bergamasco Massimo
Multimodal interaction for the Web. : Toronto: Archives and Museum Informatics,2007
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{tecchia07multi,
author = {Tecchia , Franco and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Carrozzino, Marcello and Frisoli, Antonio and Bergamasco,Massimo},
booktitle = {Multimodal interaction for the Web},
editor = {J. Trant and D. Bearman},
keyword = {web,multimodal,haptics,pid:CP7.1},
month = {March},
mtype = {workshop},
publisher = {Toronto: Archives and Museum Informatics},
title = {Museum on the Web 2007: Proceedings},
year = {2007}
}


Dual Scripting in a Virtual Reality Engine. Embedding Python in XVR
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Bacinelli Sandro, Carrozzino Marcello & Bergamasco Massimo
EuroPython 2006 Conference, Ginevra. : ,2006
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi2006py,
author = {Emanuele Ruffaldi and Sandro Bacinelli and Marcello Carrozzino and
Massimo Bergamasco},
booktitle = {EuroPython 2006 Conference, Ginevra},
howpresented = {talk},
keyword = {scripting,python,xvr,Pencil,pid:CP6.6,pdf:2006_T_DualScripting},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.29},
title = {Dual Scripting in a Virtual Reality Engine. Embedding Python in XVR},
year = {2006}
}


Evaluation of a haptic game in an immersive environment
Ruffaldi Emanuele, Frisoli Antonio & Bergamasco Massimo
3rd International Conference on Enactive Interfaces, Montpelier. : ,2006
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldieval06,
author = {E. Ruffaldi and A. Frisoli and M. Bergamasco},
booktitle = {3rd International Conference on Enactive Interfaces, Montpelier},
keyword = {game,haptics,Enactive,pid:CP6.5},
month = {November},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {Evaluation of a haptic game in an immersive environment},
year = {2006}
}


A Limit-Curve Based Soft Finger god-object Algorithm
Frisoli Antonio, Barbagli Federico, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Salisbury Ken & Bergamasco Massimo
2nd International Conference on Enactive Interfaces. : ,2005
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{frisolilimit05,
author = {Antonio Frisoli and Federico Barbagli and Emanuele Ruffaldi and Kenneth Salisbury and Massimo Bergamasco},
booktitle = {2nd International Conference on Enactive Interfaces},
keyword = {friction,minor:,grasping,rotational,haptics,pid:CP5.6,GRAB},
month = {Novembre},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {A Limit-Curve Based Soft Finger god-object Algorithm},
year = {2005}
}


Architectural Design of the Haptex System
Salsedo Fabio, Fontana Marco, Tarri F., Ruffaldi Emanuele, Bergamasco Massimo, Magnenat-thalmann N., Volino P., Bonanni U., Brady A., Summers I., Qu J., Allerkamp D., Bottcher G., Wolter F-e, Makinen M. & Meinander H.
HAPTEX'05 Workshop on Haptic and Tactile Perception of Deformable Objects. : ,2005
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{,<br/> author = {F. Salsedo and M. Fontana and F. Tarri and E. Ruffaldi and M. Bergamasco<br/>and N. Magnenat-Thalmann and P. Volino and U. Bonanni and A. Brady<br/>and I. Summers and J. Qu and D. Allerkamp and G. Bottcher and F-E<br/>Wolter and M. Makinen and H. Meinander},<br/> booktitle = {HAPTEX'05 Workshop on Haptic and Tactile Perception of Deformable<br/>Objects},<br/> howpresented = {talk},<br/> keyword = {architecture,haptics,GRAB,HAPTEX,pid:CP5.5,pdf:2005_TA_HAPTEX},<br/> mtype = {workshop},<br/> owner = {skills},<br/> timestamp = {2006.12.28},<br/> title = {Architectural Design of the Haptex System},<br/> year = {2005}<br/>}<br/><br/>

Pure-Form: Perception and exploration of digital shapes
Bergamasco Massimo, Frisoli Antonio, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Jansson G.
International Conference on Perception and Action, ICPA. : ,2005
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{pureformjan05,
author = {Bergamasco,M. and Frisoli,A. and Ruffaldi,E. and Jansson,G.},
booktitle = {International Conference on Perception and Action, ICPA},
keyword = {shape,pureform,haptics,perception,PureForm,pid:CP5.4},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.28},
title = {Pure-Form: Perception and exploration of digital shapes},
year = {2005}
}


The Museum of Pure Form
Carrozzino Marcello, Frisoli Antonio, Rossi Fabio, Tecchia Franco, Ruffaldi Emanuele & Bergamasco Massimo
Multimedia Information DEsign for Cultural Heritage MIDECH. : ,2005
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{carrozzino05,
author = {M. Carrozzino and A. Frisoli and F. Rossi and F. Tecchia and E. Ruffaldi
and M. Bergamasco},
booktitle = {Multimedia Information DEsign for Cultural Heritage MIDECH},
keyword = {pureform,shape,PureForm,haptics,pid:CP5.2},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.29},
title = {The Museum of Pure Form},
year = {2005}
}


thumbimage
Populating Virtual Environments using Semantic Web
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Evangelista Chiara
Semantic Web Application and Perspectives. : ,2004
Bibtex:
@inproceedings{ruffaldi04,
author = {Ruffaldi,E. and Evangelista,C.},
booktitle = {Semantic Web Application and Perspectives},
keyword = {information landscape,VR,semantic web,IL,pid:CP4.2,pdf:2004_C_SWPopulating,VR},
month = {Ancona, Italy},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.29},
title = {Populating Virtual Environments using Semantic Web},
year = {2004}
}


Evaluation of multipoint contact interfaces in haptic perception of shapes
Wu S.L., Ruffaldi Emanuele, Bergamasco Massimo, Salisbury Ken, Frisoli Antonio & Barbagli Federico
Symposium of Multi-point Interaction in Robotics and Virtual Reality, in IEEE ICRA. : ,2004
Bibtex:
@misc{wu04,
author = {Wu,S. L. and Ruffaldi,E. and Bergamasco,M. and Salisbury ,K. and Frisoli,A. and Barbagli,F.},
booktitle = {Symposium of Multi-point Interaction in Robotics and Virtual Reality, in IEEE ICRA},
howpresented = {talk},
keyword = {multipoint,haptics,shape,PureForm,pid:CP4.1,scopus:yes,GRAB},
mtype = {workshop},
owner = {skills},
timestamp = {2006.12.29},
title = {Evaluation of multipoint contact interfaces in haptic perception
of shapes},
year = {2004}
}


Invited Talks (12)

Autonomous Driving Systems as Robots
Ruffaldi Emanuele
Alfa Romeo and Maserati Engineering School, host Prof. Marko Bertogna. Modena,Italy,2017
Bibtex:
@misc{autonomousalfa2017,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Alfa Romeo and Maserati Engineering School, host Prof. Marko Bertogna},
keyword = {perception, planning},
location = {Modena,Italy},
month = {July},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Autonomous Driving Systems as Robots},
year = {2017}
}


Wearable body tracking for Occupational Biomechanics and Telemedicine
Ruffaldi Emanuele
IEEE Summer School on Medical Informatics. Biblioteca Giovanni Bovio, Trani,2016
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldimiss,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {IEEE Summer School on Medical Informatics},
keyword = {ERGANE,biomechanics},
location = {Biblioteca Giovanni Bovio, Trani},
month = {September},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
prefix = {2016_T_ismiss},
title = {Wearable body tracking for Occupational Biomechanics and Telemedicine},
year = {2016}
}


Occupational Biomechanics and Virtual Ergonomy
Ruffaldi Emanuele
Personal injury damages compensation and biomechanics. Erasmus + Project Areyoufine?. Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa,Italy,2016
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldibiomech,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {Personal injury damages compensation and biomechanics. Erasmus + Project Areyoufine?},
keyword = {ERGANE,biomechanics},
location = {Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa,Italy},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Occupational Biomechanics and Virtual Ergonomy},
year = {2016}
}


Multimodal systems for training in Virtual Environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele
Skill training with virtual reality and video-game platforms inside 14th European Congress of Psychology. Milano,Italy,2015
Abstract:The technological advancements in computing and sensing capabilities is empowering researcher in designing training systems capable of analyzing the performance level of trainee and providing precisely timed augmented feedback. The feedback is the result of a combination of different modalities ranging from the audio-visual to haptic feedback, depending on the training strategy. In this talk we will present the design challenges for training system in virtual environment with an emphasis on sport training highlighting a case study of a rowing training system
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldiecp15,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {Skill training with virtual reality and video-game platforms inside 14th European Congress of Psychology},
keyword = {SKILLS,SPRINT,rowing,VR},
location = {Milano,Italy},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
prefix = {2015_T_ecp},
title = {Multimodal systems for training in Virtual Environments},
year = {2015}
}


Wearable solution for online assessment of biomechanical load risks
Peppoloni Lorenzo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Filippeschi Alessandro & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
Bridging Gaps between Computational Biomechanics and Robotics: Theory, Tools, and Applications, Tutorial inside IEEE RAS ICRA. Seattle,Washington,2015
Abstract:Work-related Musculo Skeletal Disorders (WMSD) are considered the third main reason for disability and early retirement in the U.S. and are widespread in many occupations. In Italy, only taking into account the years 2009-2010, it is estimated an exponential increasing in the number of WMSD reports. In particular a 159.7 % increment has been reported compared to the 2006 statistics. In this context, it is clear how important correctly diagnosing this kind of pathology is becoming. Traditional methods for WMDS assessment are based on observational techniques, in which experts manually segment, label and evaluate movements with the help of pro-forma sheets. Since these methods are currently based on visual inspection and subjective judgment, they could benefit from objective measurements in terms of both reliability and repeatability. Moreover an automatic tool for ergonomics assessment would vastly reduce the time that an expert needs to carry out the same assessment manually. In this context we propose a novel wearable wireless system capable of assessing the muscular efforts and postures of the human upper limb for WMSDs diagnosis. The system, being non-obstructive, can be used to monitor workers in ecologic environment while they are carrying on their everyday tasks. Different methods assessing different factors lead to different risk evaluations. For this reason using more than one method at the same time can help prioritize interventions and ensure a more thorough evaluation of risk factors. The proposed system provides real-time assessment obtained according to two of the most common indexes for the analysis of risk factors on workplaces: the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) and the Strain Index (SI). The manual assessment of multiple methods would lead to an unacceptably high cost in terms of time and money for practitioners. The system exploits inertial measurement units (IMUs) to reconstruct the upper limb posture, modeled as a 7 degrees of freedom (DoF) kinematic chain. As far as muscular efforts are concerned, surface EMG sensors are used to assess forearm flexor muscles strain. A case study application of the system is presented showing the results of a first data collection campaign regarding super-market cashiers during everyday real-life operations. The system assessment has been compared using two human evaluators as ground truth. The system RULA score accuracy is 94.79%, while the SI score shows an accuracy of 50%. Further investigation will be carried on taking also into account the subjects' perceived effort using self-assessment sheets.
Bibtex:
@misc{icra2015,
author = {Peppoloni, Lorenzo and Ruffaldi, Emanuele and Filippeschi, Alessandro and Avizzano, Carlo Alberto},
booktitle = {Bridging Gaps between Computational Biomechanics and Robotics: Theory, Tools, and Applications, Tutorial inside IEEE RAS ICRA},
keyword = {pdf:2015_W_ICRA,ERGANE,motion,imu,ergonomics},
location = {Seattle,Washington},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Wearable solution for online assessment of biomechanical load risks},
year = {2015}
}


Biomechanical analysis of skilled movements
Ruffaldi Emanuele
Biomechanics in Human-Robot Interaction Summer School. Gargonza,IT,2012
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldibio12,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {Biomechanics in Human-Robot Interaction Summer School},
location = {Gargonza,IT},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Biomechanical analysis of skilled movements},
year = {2012}
}


Training Rowing with Virtual Environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele
The International SKILLS Conference. Montpellier, Italy,2011
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldiskills11,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {The International SKILLS Conference},
keyword = {rowing,SPRINT},
location = {Montpellier, Italy},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
prefix = {2011_T_ROWSKILLS},
title = {Training Rowing with Virtual Environments},
year = {2011}
}


Haptic Interfaces for Embodiment in Virtual Environments
Bergamasco Massimo & Ruffaldi Emanuele
20th years of IEEE RO-MAN. Atlanta,US,2011
Abstract:The convergence of haptic technology with the understanding of human perception is opening new possibilities for immersive virtual experiences. This work addresses the role of haptics in the design of systems for supporting embodiment in virtual and real environments. The paper presents haptic interfaces for embodiment by analyzing them in terms of the three main feedback types: proprioceptive, kinesthetic and tactile. Each category is discussed by first analyzing embodiment requirements and then the available haptic technology. This review is closed by some considerations in the domain of capturing and encoding for covering the whole embodiment pipeline.
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldiroman11,
author = {Bergamasco, Massimo and Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {20th years of IEEE RO-MAN},
keyword = {pdf:2011_C_ROMANemb,haptics,VERE},
location = {Atlanta,US},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Haptic Interfaces for Embodiment in Virtual Environments},
year = {2011}
}


Robot-assisted training in sports: not requested or too challenging?
Ruffaldi Emanuele
Mini-symposium on Robotics for Sport Training inside IEEE EMBC. ,2011
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldiembc11,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Mini-symposium on Robotics for Sport Training inside IEEE EMBC},
keyword = {SKILLS,rowing,sport,SPRINT},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Robot-assisted training in sports: not requested or too challenging?},
year = {2011}
}


Machine Learning for Skill Training in Virtual Environments
Ruffaldi Emanuele
SKILLS Summer School. Gargonza,IT,2011
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldisk12,
author = {Ruffaldi,Emanuele},
booktitle = {SKILLS Summer School},
keyword = {SKILLS,ML,skills},
location = {Gargonza,IT},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Machine Learning for Skill Training in Virtual Environments},
year = {2011}
}


Natural Interaction and training with touch
Ruffaldi Emanuele
Natural Interaction, only with your body organized by MIMOS. Florence,IT,2008
Bibtex:
@misc{ruffaldinatural2008,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Natural Interaction, only with your body organized by MIMOS},
day = {23},
keyword = {ENACTIVE},
location = {Florence,IT},
month = {October},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Natural Interaction and training with touch},
year = {2008}
}


Touch and Motion
Ruffaldi Emanuele
Latest developments in Computer Graphics technology in a Virtual Museum at Hosei University, host Prof. Hisato Kobayashi. Tokyo,Japan,2008
Bibtex:
@misc{hosei2008,
author = {Ruffaldi, Emanuele},
booktitle = {Latest developments in Computer Graphics technology in a Virtual Museum at Hosei University, host Prof. Hisato Kobayashi},
keyword = {haptics,motion},
location = {Tokyo,Japan},
mtype = {invitedtalk},
title = {Touch and Motion},
year = {2008}
}


Demonstrations (4)

ReMeDi DiagUI AR system
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Others
Innovative Surgical Robotics Forum at London,2015
Bibtex:
@misc{demoremedi2051,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and others},
city = {London},
event = {Innovative Surgical Robotics Forum},
keyword = {ReMeDi,haptics,AR},
mtype = {demo},
title = {ReMeDi DiagUI AR system},
year = {2015}
}


The SPRINT Rowing System
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Filippeschi Alessandro
1st SKILLS International Conference at Montpellier, France,2011
Bibtex:
@misc{demoSKILLS2011,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Filippeschi, A.},
city = {Montpellier, France},
event = {1st SKILLS International Conference},
keyword = {SKILLS,SPRINT,rowing,VR},
mtype = {demo},
title = {The SPRINT Rowing System},
year = {2011}
}


Haptic Virtual Laboratory
Ruffaldi Emanuele & Tripicchio Paolo
IEEE Haptic Symposium at Reno, Nevada, USA,2008
Bibtex:
@misc{demoVL2008,
author = {Ruffaldi, E. and Tripicchio, P.},
city = {Reno, Nevada, USA},
event = {IEEE Haptic Symposium},
keyword = {haptics},
mtype = {demo},
title = {Haptic Virtual Laboratory},
year = {2008}
}


The Create Haptic System
Frisoli Antonio, Bergamasco Massimo, Ruffaldi Emanuele, Marcheschi Simone & Avizzano Carlo Alberto
IEEE World Haptics at Pisa, Italy,2005
Bibtex:
@misc{demoWHC2005,
author = {Frisoli, A. and Bergamasco, M. and Ruffaldi, E. and Marcheschi, S. and Avizzano, C. A.},
city = {Pisa, Italy},
event = {IEEE World Haptics},
keyword = {haptics},
mtype = {demo},
title = {The Create Haptic System},
year = {2005}
}


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